Last edited 08 Nov 2020

Business premises renovation allowance


[edit] Introduction

Business Premises Renovation Allowance (BPRA) was introduced by the Finance Act 2005. The scheme started in April 2007 and ends in March 2017 for Corporation Tax and April 2017 for Income Tax.

The Business Premises Renovation Allowance allows business investors to claim tax allowances for 100% of the amount invested when empty business premises are converted or renovated back into usable condition. It is designed to act as an incentive to bringing back derelict or unused business properties that have not been used for at least a year.

Disadvantaged areas include Northern Ireland and areas that are specified in the Assisted Areas Order 2014 for Great Britain.

[edit] Conditions

A person must incur 'qualifying expenditure' in order to claim BPRA.

Qualifying expenditure is capital expenditure on:

The specific expenditure that qualifies is:

Expenditure on the following items of machinery and plant qualifies for relief:

Expenditure only qualifies for BPRA if the building is situated in a disadvantaged area and has been unused for a year immediately before the conversion or renovation begins. The last use must not have been as a dwelling.

A 'qualifying building' is a commercial building or structure situated in a disadvantaged area. 'Qualifying business premises' means any building or structure, which must be used, or available and suitable for use, for the purpose of a trade, profession or vocation, or offices.

The following are NOT qualifying business premises:

  • Premises used or available for use as a dwelling.
  • Premises the relevant interest in which is held by a person carrying on a relevant trade.
  • Premises used wholly or partly for the purposes of a relevant trade.

A 'relevant trade' is a trade in the following sectors:

  • Fisheries and aquaculture.
  • Shipbuilding.
  • The coal industry.
  • The steel industry.
  • Synthetic fibres.
  • The primary production of certain agricultural products.
  • The manufacture or marketing of products which imitate or substitute for milk and milk products.

Expenditure on acquiring land, extending a building or developing land next to a building does not qualify for BPRA.

[edit] Allowances and charges

There is an initial allowance equal to 100% of the qualifying expenditure.

If the 100% initial allowance is not claimed, or is not claimed in full, the person that incurred the qualifying expenditure and holds the relevant interest in the qualifying building may claim Writing Down Allowances (WDAs) which are given at an annual rate of 25% on the straight-line basis to the person holding the relevant interest until all the qualifying expenditure has been allowed.

The 'relevant interest' in the building in relation to the qualifying expenditure is the interest to which the person incurring the qualifying expenditure was entitled when the qualifying expenditure was incurred.

There is a 'balancing adjustment' if there is a balancing event within 7 years of the first use of the building after conversion or renovation. A balancing adjustment is a balancing charge or a balancing allowance. The main balancing events are the sale of the relevant interest and the grant of a long lease for a premium out of the relevant interest.

[edit] How allowances are given and charges made

If the person entitled to BPRA has a trade, profession or vocation the allowance is treated as an expense and a balancing charge is treated as income of that trade, profession or vocation.

If the person entitled to BPRA has a property business, that is, if the person is the landlord of the building, the allowance is treated as an expense and a balancing charge is treated as income of that property business.

Where the person entitled to BPRA does not have a trade, profession or vocation or a property business, the person is treated as if they were carrying on a property business (a virtual property business) and the allowance is an expense of that virtual property business. This means that the allowance can be set against the person’s other income. Again, a balancing charge is treated as income of that virtual property business.

The HM Revenue and Customs website has a detailed guide which provides further information on the allowance.

[edit] External references

Designing Buildings Anywhere

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