The Finance Act is the primary budgetary legislation introduced annually by the UK government. It sets out measures for each fiscal year in relation to taxation, exemptions, reliefs, duties and so on.
The key changes introduced by the Finance Act are described in a statement by the Chancellor of the Exchequer on budget day (along with details of spending proposals). Changes can also be brought in to close loopholes or as a result of a change of government. Changes will initially be set out in the Finance Bill, which is enacted once it has been given royal assent.
The government aims to confirm the majority of Finance Bill at least three months prior to its introduction to Parliament, publishing draft legislation where possible. The aim of this consultation process is to ensure the proposed legislation works as intended.
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