Classical Revival style
The Classical Revival or Neoclassical style (1895-1950) is one of the most common architectural styles seen in the US. This style was inspired by the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago held in 1893 which promoted a renewed interest in the classical forms.
Similar to the Colonial Revival style which was popular in the same period, the Classical Revival style was more formal and monumental in its design. Relying on stylistic details of the earlier Greek Revival style, Classical Revival style buildings often have massive columns with classical Corinthian, Doric or Ionic capitals, topped by a front facing pediment.
One of the most distinctive versions of this style features a full-height columned front porch topped with a classical pediment. Other variations of this style may feature a rounded front portico with columns and a balustraded flat roof, or a flat-roofed, full or partial front porch with columns. The arrangement of windows and doors is formal and symmetrical, with the front door often flanked by pilasters or side lights and capped with a flat entablature, broken pediment or rounded fanlight.
The Classical Revival style, with its impressive Greek temple-like form, was most often used for courthouses, banks, churches, schools and mansions. However, it was never quite as popular as the Colonial Revival style for more common residential buildings.
The prominent architectural firm of McKim, Meade and White designed many buildings in this style across the nation in the early years of the 20th century. One of the most outstanding examples of this style is the imposing Philadelphia Museum of Art, completed in 1928 and designed by prominent Philadelphia architects Horace Trumbauer and Julian Abele, and the firm of Zantzinger, Borie and Medary.
The most commonly identifiable features include the following:
- Formal symmetrical design, usually with centre door.
- Front facade columned porch.
- Full-height porch with classical columns.
- Front-facing gable on porch or main roof.
- Broken pediment over entry door.
- Decorative door surrounds, columns, or sidelights.
- Side or front portico or entry porch.
- Dentiled cornice.
- Rectangular double hung windows.
- Roof line balustrade.
This article was written by PHMC.
- Architectural styles.
- Art Deco.
- Art Moderne.
- Arts and craft movement.
- Beaux Arts style.
- Chicago school of architecture.
- Classical orders in architecture.
- Concept architectural design.
- English architectural stylistic periods.
- Exotic revival style.
- Gothic revival style.
- Italian Renaissance revival style.
- Polite architecture.
- Spanish Colonial revival style.
- The White House.
- Tudor revival style.
- Vernacular architecture.
 External references
- PHMC - Classical revival
Organisations with conservation links have been collating resources on COVID-19 impacts, including Built Environment Forum Scotland (BEFS), Historic Environment Forum, The Heritage Alliance (THA), and Historic England, on cleaning surfaces.
Councils are reported to be considering taking up rarely-used executive powers to keep the planning and development system moving during the coronavirus pandemic.
Historic England's 'After a Flood' provides timely advice on how to dry walls properly and avoid further damage to the building fabric.
Context Issue 162 offers a peek into an archive of timber conservation history through the records of the practice of FWB and Mary Charles Chartered Architects.
To meet the government’s target of being carbon neutral by 2050, we must recycle, reuse and responsibly adapt our existing historic buildings, according to this year’s Heritage Counts report, so Historic England and partners are calling for a reduction in VAT rates to incentivise this more sustainable option.
Donald Insall Associates, with the help of Historic England, has completed restoration work of Moseley Road Baths, being converted for use as an arts and culture venue.
Celebrate your local ‘retired members’ and ‘successful learners’ with £500 cash prizes and 2020 Brighton School places!
The Conservation Hierarchy is a new framework developed by the University of Oxford to help construction projects achieve Biodiversity Net Gain.
Jacqueline Hughes, senior risk analyst at Equib, in pbctoday discusses how project managers for town centre developments can get their risk management strategies right.
A new paper from the Adam Smith Institute argues that the problem with the High Street has been totally misunderstood, saying that we need to reform restrictive planning rules and reject a policy of managed decline to reinvigorate our town centres.
The Whole Life Cost of Energy (WLCoE) calculator – issued by government in BETA form – is intended to help building owners and operators to understand the full financial cost of the energy their buildings use, and welcomes feedback
New research published by Historic England (HE) shows the value of heritage to England’s economy as it contributes to economic prosperity and growth through jobs in the heritage and construction sectors and from tourism.