In classical architecture, an entablature is a horizontal assemblage of moldings, bands and detailing in the upper portion of a building. It is placed along the top of, and therefore supported by, vertical columns. It is usual for the entablature to rise in horizontal layers up to either the roof, triangular pediment or arch.
The term is derived from the Latin word for table. This is appropriate since the entablature resembles a table top resting on the legs of the columns.
The entablature varies corresponding to the distinguishing features of the main architectural orders – Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. However, traditionally the entablature includes three main parts:
Entablatures can also be found in building interior design. Here, they may be used to frame an entire room, frame a door header, or act as a fireplace mantel. The intention is that they provide aesthetic quality and order to a room and elevate the design.
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