In the classical architecture of Ancient Greece and Rome, a frieze is a long and narrow sculptural band that runs along the middle of an entablature, used for decorative purposes. It sits on top of the column capitals, in between the architrave on the lowest level and the cornice at the top.
In buildings using the Doric architectural order, the frieze is usually consists of alternate triglyphs (projecting rectangular blocks with three vertical channels), and metopes (spaces). In buildings using the Ionic, Corinthian or Composite orders, the frieze is usually ornamented with relief figures. Friezes seen on Roman buildings are usually decorated with plant motifs. Late Roman and many Renaissance structures feature a pulvinated frieze, in which the frieze’s profile is a convex curve.
In the Doric order, triglyphs often appear regularly-spaced on the frieze. These are rectangular details, representative of the beams used to post and beam construction. The spaces between triglyphs are called metopes.
The most famous example of a frieze is that carved on the outer wall of the Parthenon temple in Athens, Greece, which is a representation of a ritual festival procession.
In interior design, a frieze can also refer to any long, narrow, horizontal panel or band used for decorative purposes on the walls of a room.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Architectural styles.
- Barrel vault.
- Classical orders in architecture.
- Cornice coving and architrave definitions.
- Elements of classical columns.
- Pendentive dome.
- Trompe l’oeil.
Featured articles and news
The IHBC has now opened its celebrated NewsBlog service to user comments, so members and users can open, join and extend the discussions around our news items.
This week's Director’s top pick for IHBC members features a call from Fenland District Council for archaeology, building investigation and community engagement.
In helping people to discover, access and safeguard their heritage, the role of conservation professionals as experts is needed more than ever, says Nigel Walter.
The BSI consulted on two Publically Available Specifications on energy efficiency measure (EEM) installation.
Second World War structures at Scapa Flow have been recognised as being of national importance by Historic Environment Scotland.
The Bill was amended during its Committee stage in the House of Commons, and a number of Government new clauses were added in relation to local plan making.
Historic Environment Scotland (HES) has announced a national campaign to find out what heritage means to the people of Scotland as part of the 2017 Year of History, Heritage and Archaeology.
The UK government has published several reports on retro-fit issues for historic buildings.
Qatari-backed hotel scheme for the Grade II listed building in Mayfair will include 137 bedrooms, additional restaurants, retail and events space.
A CLAD magazine feature discusses how crowdfunding can help get projects started and allow architects to be proactive.
Conservators have conclude it is one of the few places in Europe to have an almost complete medieval decorative scheme still in situ.
Community groups have been asked to nominate favourite new buildings, conservation projects and people in its annual awards (closing date 31 January 2017).
Museums Heritage says that after almost five years of restoration and refurbishment, the Grade II* Design Museum has been transformed into a modern multi-purpose space.
An independent report has been issued relating to flood protection, aiming to help with flood resilience.