Last edited 17 Nov 2020



In classical architecture, a pedestal is used as a base to support columns, statues or other ornaments. A classical pedestal may be square, octagonal or circular and is usually made up of three elements:

  • Plinth: This is the lowest part of the base of a column or pedestal. The plinth distributes the column’s weight.
  • Die: This is a rectangular block that separates the base from the cap.
  • Cap: This is the uppermost element in a pedestal.

Roman architects were the first to introduce pedestals in this form, primarily as a means of giving columns and arches a more imposing appearance. The higher the column, the higher the pedestal.

A concrete pedestal is a compression element provided to carry the loads from supported elements like columns, statues etc. to footing below the ground.

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