Urban design education
With over half of the world’s people now in cities, urban design skills have become critical. Roy Strickland, urban design programme director, sets out his own 10 recommendations for improving urban design education.
ICE has published a themed issue of its Urban Design and Planning journal focused on urban design education. Written by faculty staff from international universities, the papers provide a concise, international overview of current urban design pedagogy and its design and research outcomes in China, the Netherlands, South Korea and the USA.
The papers reflect the perspectives of a long-established urban design programme (Nijhuis et al., 2017), and one relatively new (Tang and Hack, 2017), and address the roles of history and landscape architecture (Kickert and Fishman, 2017) in urban design education.
By discussing issues such as programme and curriculum development, design-based education and research, and inter-disciplinary study, they offer insights into the opportunities and challenges facing urban design education in a world where, for the first time, more than half of people live in cities.
To supplement the papers, here are my own 10 recommendations to graduate-level urban design programmes toward fostering a culture of learning that will deepen students' knowledge and appreciation of urban design.
As an urban design teacher and programme director, my recommendations address matters of admissions, curriculum, and studio and course structure and are posed below as responses to real-world conditions that students will find on graduation.
Although the recommendations are straightforward, putting them into effect within the short, 1-2 year time span of most graduate-level urban design programmes requires a concentrated effort. But with their application, programmes can prepare students to design synthetically, communicate clearly and practice globally while reinforcing the pedagogic approaches presented in the themed issue.
1. With the majority of the world's population living in cities, urban design is a global field
To help prepare students for global practice, urban design programmes should admit students from around the world. By doing so they will offer exposure to international urban conditions and cultures through that most powerful educational tool, the teaching and learning that occurs between students.
2. Urban design is inter-disciplinary, occupying the crossing of architecture, urban planning, landscape architecture and related fields such as civil engineering, environmental conservation, real estate development and historic preservation.
Response: Rather than limit themselves to students with professional degrees in architecture, as is often the case in graduate-level programmes, urban design programmes should enroll students from fields such as the ones noted above. Through student-to-student teaching and learning, rising urban designers will broaden their understanding of and approaches to the field.
3. Given that urban design is inter-disciplinary and global, effective communication is essential to practice
Response: Clear, jargon-free language should be the hallmark of urban design programmes. It is fundamental in order to break down divisions between students from different national and disciplinary backgrounds and is essential for communication between urban designers and the world in which they practice where stakeholders and decision-makers are unversed in professional jargon.
4. Urban design is not just design but requires analytical and research skills and historical and cultural awareness
Response: To the degree possible, urban design programmes should integrate their studios and courses to discourage intellectual and disciplinary silos. Fold history, theory, economics, sociology and ecology, among others, into studio projects even as students may have separate courses in these subjects. Meanwhile, fold quick urban design exercises into subject courses to apply the courses' lessons directly to urban design.
Response: As students are grounded in their programmes' academic requirements, they should also be encouraged to pursue existing and new areas of interest to help them develop their own approaches to design.
Studio projects can include periods when students assume expert status based on their disciplinary backgrounds, sharing knowledge and developing new knowledge with their colleagues, the blend of existing and new knowledge leading to a variety of approaches to design.
6. Due to the scale and complexity of projects, urban design is not a singular (individualistic) pursuit
Response: Promote teamwork in design and research projects at all scales. In both studios and related courses, rotate students between teams to assure their exposure to multiple views and backgrounds.
Response: During studio pin-ups and reviews, have students role-play a variety of stakeholders. In assuming alternative identities they will see and criticise projects from perspectives other than urban design (with the added benefit of practicing jargon-free communication).
8. Urban design is a public profession; its outcomes affect nations, regions, cities and neighbourhoods
Response: Encourage studio and research projects in public that require students to communicate and represent their work outside of the academic setting. To the degree possible, identify projects with real stakeholders who can help set project goals and participate in project design development. Such projects need not dominate curriculum but can be mixed with academic projects.
Response: Rather than arrange studio projects as a lockstep process moving from analysis to programme, concept, design development, design resolution and representation, make the process fluid so that cross-disciplinary teamwork and self-identified areas of exploration enable students to move back and forth in the design process.
10. Real urban design projects can take years, even decades to come to fruition
Response: Make design guidelines part of studio projects and the subject of research and discussion in other courses. Guidelines serve as the bridge between urban designers' visions and projects' ultimate outcomes. Indeed, they can be among the most important and influential parts of projects as different actors over time participate in project delivery, making them critical to urban design education.
This article was originally published here on 1 July 2017 by ICE. It was written by Roy Strickland.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
CEOs and high-level executives explain who they expect to be the most successful players in the future of construction.
What are package contracts and how are they broken down? Find out in our introductory article.
Identifying sustainable shoreline protection solutions in the face of rising sea levels and storms in the US.
Budget documents state modern methods of construction will be favoured for public infrastructure schemes from 2019.
A walk-through exhibition of an emergency humanitarian shelter is officially opened at BRE's Innovation Park.
How to work safely on a construction site during winter.
Housing is the big winner in Chancellor Philip Hammond's Autumn Budget.
The winner of our BSRIA competition, Tomorrow's challenges in today's buildings, is.... Bob Hendrikx. A big thank you to everyone that took part.
Committee of MPs accuses government of dealing billpayers a 'bad hand' over the guaranteed power price.
In 1992, the Joint Fire Code was first published. What influence does it still have on construction sites today?
"Companies will have to adapt or go out of business" - how are virtual reality and big data disrupting digital construction?
International Well Building Institute and BRE collaborate on multiple levels to advance human health through better buildings.
"The industry has tried moving away from prescriptivism to focus on performance, but maybe that’s no longer working".