In the European road sector, large quantities of materials and energy are consumed both in construction and maintenance, which is magnified by the negative effects of extreme weather conditions caused by climate change and the significant increase of traffic flow on some motorways due to the opening of freight corridors.
The technical limitations of current road materials and construction procedures have significant influence on the reduction of the asphalt surfaces lifetime and as a consequence, increases the costs of construction, maintenance and rehabilitation works, whilst also reducing the network availability.
Consequently, there is a need to develop new technologies and systems to provide a more affordable, durable, safer, greener and cost-effective road infrastructure. The objective of the DurabRoads project is to design, develop, and demonstrate cost-effective, eco-friendly and optimised long-life roads, which are more adapted to freight corridors and effects of climate-change by means of innovative designs, and the use of greener materials improved by nanotechnology.
A major aim of this project is the optimisation of current construction, maintenance, and rehabilitation procedures. The identification and quantification of the harmful effects of ever increasing traffic and environmental loads on the European highways is a major task identified in this project.
The participants involved in the project consortium include:
- Universidad De Cantabria.
- Acciona Infraestructuras.
- European Union Road Federation (ERF).
- Norwegian Graphite.
- Institute for Transport Sciences (KTI).
- Sia Inenierbuve (IB).
BSRIA’s role in this project is to conduct the Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Costing Analysis of the proposed road design by establishing a base case scenario similar to the existing roads to then compare it with the modified alternative designs.
This project targets two problems associated with the road industry:
Deterioration of asphalt surfaces
Addressing the technical limitation of current materials and procedures, negative effects of extreme weather conditions due to climate change and increase of traffic loads due to the opening of freight corridors.
Unsustainability of the road sector
Addressing the intensive use of natural resources, i.e. aggregates and fuel, greenhouse gas emissions and low recycling rate. The base case of the road is being established based on the environmental product declaration (EPD) of a cleavage of a Spanish road, N-340 in Sector E-40, Elche (Alicante) given by Acciona Infraestructura. The alternative designs will use warm mix asphalts (WMA) incorporating the nanomaterial-modified bituminous binders (NMB), including the addition of recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) and by-products. Asphalt concrete, porous asphalt and BBTM mixes types are also expected to be designed.
This project proposes two solutions to the problems identified above in the road industry by:
- Evaluation and optimisation of road related materials and procedures.
- Development and validation of advanced, more durable, and eco-friendly asphalt materials.
The first stage of evaluation and optimisation of road-related materials and procedures will be conducted by first quantifying the impacts of climate change and of the traffic loads in freight corridors on the EU road network. Then, an evaluation of the constraints on road materials and the road construction, maintenance, rehabilitation techniques to withstand challenges coming from climate change and freight corridors will be conducted.
By defining the optimisation criteria on durability, safety, cost-effectiveness, environmental-friendliness and socio-economic factors, using life-time engineering concepts and multi-criteria analysis, the best practices will be identified.
The second stage of development and validation of advanced; more durable and eco-friendly asphalt materials will involve selection, analysis and characterization of carbon nanomaterials with good compatibility towards organic matrices like polymers and bitumen.
The alternative materials suggested as additions into the road material mix include nanomaterial-modified polymers, nanomaterial-modified bituminous binders (NMB), small quantities of steel slag as a substitute to aggregates and warm mix asphalts (WMA) incorporating the NMB, including the addition of recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) and by-products. Asphalt concrete, porous asphalt and BBTM mixes types are expected to be designed.
By conducting a Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Costing Analysis, the objective is to understand the environmental impact of constructing a road which will be compared with the alternate cases on development and addition of warm mix asphalts to the road mix to identify the most suitable material mix.
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