BREEAM Reduction of energy use and carbon emissions
 Aim and benefits
This issue rates how well buildings have minimised energy demand, primary energy consumption and CO2 emissions. It only covers regulated energy (pre-2018), and so excludes external lighting, small power, and specialist equipment.
The aim of this credit is to encourage designers to take a holistic view to an efficient energy strategy in a building, rather than solely reducing energy (ENE 4 Passive Design) or replacing fossil fuels with renewables (ENE 4 LZC Feasibility).
- A higher EPC (for developments assessed under BREEAM 2008 or earlier) or Energy Performance Ratio (for development assessed under BREEAM 2011 or later) can lead to reduced runnning costs / energy bills and a lower carbon footprint over the life of the development;
- Facility for brand imaging / marketing of sustainability credentials;
- Increased building life before becoming obsolete; and
- Longer retention of tenants and higher yields.
Part L is concerned solely with reducing CO2 emissions from a building. While there are limiting factors (e.g. minimum fabric efficiencies), it is entirely plausible to have a building that uses a large quantity of energy but off sets it all with renewables to comply with building regs.
ENE 01 balances reducing operational energy demand, primary energy consumption and CO2 emissions to give an "Energy Performance Ratio". The three graphs below show the the energy performance ratio given for each of these three elements for the percentage improvement over a notional building as read from the BRUKL compliance report. These figures apply to ENGLAND ONLY. This varies per country to account for the fact that some country's building regulations are more stringent than others.
The EPR for each element, is then added up to give an overall EPR which is compared to the ENE 01 credits table in the BREEAM manual. The ENE 01 calculator/scoring and reporting tool does this all for you, but sometimes it's handy to know the background. A spreadsheet has been included in the tools and resources section which contains the above graphs, if you find it helpful to get your head around the calculation.
So, as an example, if you have a building that uses a lot of energy for building services and doesn't have especially efficient fabric (e.g. only just meets building regulations for Primary Energy Consumption and Energy Demand), then the maximum credits you can get, regardless of how much energy offset by renewables is 5 UK New Construction 2014 credits. Note, in previous schemes additional requirements may mean 5 credits are not achieved.
 When to consider
 RIBA Stage 0 and 1
These stages are "Strategic Definition" and "Preparation of Brief". It's unlikely you'll get any solid information during these stages regarding credit targets. However, if your client has said that energy efficiency is a main priority for the project, you can probably assume you'll achieve more credits than if they're happy to scrape through building regs.
 RIBA Stage 2
This stage is "Concept Design". Standard RIBA Stage 2 deliverables at this stage include conduction an initial Part L appraisal. While this might not finalise the number of credits you'll actually achieve (there's a lot of design changes to go yet!), it should give you a reasonable idea.
 RIBA Stage 3
"Developed Design". An interim Part L report is often a deliverable from this stage. This will give you a better idea of the number of design stage credits you'll achieve. This may be the final Part L design stage report you get, depending on whether there are further design changes during RIBA Stage 4.
 RIBA Stage 4
"Technical Design". At this stage, a full "as designed" Part L report should have been produced, and submitted to building control for approval. The report which is submitted to building control is pretty "safe" to use as your design stage evidence, providing it meets all criteria etc.
 RIBA Stage 5
"Construction". Try to keep an eye on design changes as best as possible. If there's anything big relating to building fabric, heating/cooling systems or renewables ask for confirmation that there is no effect on Part L from the engineers.
 RIBA Stage 6
 Questions to ask while seeking compliance
 Tips and best practice
Tip: Don't assume that a lovely fully naturally ventilated building will score better than a glass mechanically ventilated sky scraper. This credit still relies on a percentage improvement against a notional building. So as long as your mechanically ventilated glass box is better than the notional mech vent glass box, you can still score well in this credit (albeit you may score lower elsewhere).
 Typical evidence
 Applicable Schemes
The guidelines collated in this ISD aim to support sustainable best practice in the topic described. This issue may apply in multiple BREEAM schemes covering different stages in the life of a building, different building types and different year versions. Some content may be generic but scheme nuances should also be taken into account. Refer to the comments below and related articles to this one to understand these nuances. See this document for further guidelines.
 Find out more
Issue support documents
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Issue support documents are written for named BREEAM Issues or sub-issues. More info. (ac) = awaiting content
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- BREEAM Sustainability champion
- BREEAM Environmental management
- BREEAM Considerate construction
- BREEAM Monitoring of construction site impacts
- BREEAM Aftercare support
- BREEAM Seasonal commissioning
- BREEAM Testing and inspecting building fabric
- BREEAM Life cycle cost and service life planning
- BREEAM Stakeholder consultation (ac)
- BREEAM Commissioning (ac)
- BREEAM Handover (ac)
- BREEAM Inclusive and accessible design (ac)
- BREEAM Post occupancy evaluation
 Health and Wellbeing
- BREEAM Visual comfort Daylighting (partly ac)
- BREEAM Visual comfort View out
- BREEAM Visual comfort Glare control
- BREEAM Indoor air quality plan
- BREEAM Indoor air quality Ventilation
- BREEAM Thermal comfort
- BREEAM Internal and external lighting (ac)
- BREEAM Indoor pollutants VOCs (ac)
- BREEAM Potential for natural ventilation (ac)
- BREEAM Safe containment in laboratories (ac)
- BREEAM Acoustic performance
- BREEAM Safety and security (ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of energy use and carbon emissions
- BREEAM Energy monitoring
- BREEAM External lighting
- BREEAM Low carbon design
- BREEAM Passive design
- BREEAM Free cooling
- BREEAM LZC technologies
- BREEAM Energy efficient cold storage (partly ac)
- BREEAM Energy efficient transportation systems
- BREEAM Energy efficient laboratory systems
- BREEAM Energy efficient equipment (partly ac)
- BREEAM Drying space
- BREEAM Transport assessment and travel plan
- BREEAM Public transport accessibility
- BREEAM Sustainable transport measures
- BREEAM Proximity to amenities
- BREEAM Cyclist facilities
- BREEAM Alternative modes of transport (ac)
- BREEAM Maximum car parking capacity
- BREEAM Travel plan
- BREEAM Home office (ac)
- BREEAM Water consumption
- BREEAM Water efficient equipment
- BREEAM Water monitoring
- BREEAM Water leak detection (ac)
- BREEAM Hard landscaping and boundary protection
- BREEAM Responsible sourcing of materials
- BREEAM Insulation
- BREEAM Designing for durability and resilience
- BREEAM Life cycle impacts
- BREEAM Material efficiency (ac)
- BREEAM Construction waste management
- BREEAM Recycled aggregates
- BREEAM Speculative floor & ceiling finishes
- BREEAM Adaptation to climate change
- BREEAM Operational waste
- BREEAM Functional adaptability (ac)
 Land Use and Ecology
- BREEAM Site Selection
- BREEAM Ecological value of site
- BREEAM Protection of ecological features
- BREEAM Minimising impact on existing site ecology
- BREEAM Enhancing site ecology
- BREEAM Long term impact on biodiversity (ac)
- BREEAM Impact of refrigerants
- BREEAM NOx emissions
- BREEAM Flood risk management (ac)
- BREEAM Surface water run-off (ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of night time light pollution (partly ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of noise pollution
Once an ISD has been initially created the '(ac)' marker can be removed
This particular index is based around the structure of the New Construction and RFO schemes.