- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 27 Mar 2018
Landings in buildings
Landings are level platforms found at the top or bottom of flights of stairs. Intermediate landings may be found part way up flights of stairs where there is an intermediate level, where there is a change in direction of the flight of stairs, or where there is a long flight of stairs.
Approved document K protection from falling, collision and impact, requires that there is a landing at the top and bottom of every flight, with a width and length at least as great as the smallest width of the flight of stairs.
Landings should be clear of permanent obstructions. They may have doors to cupboards or ducts that open over them, but these should remain closed in normal use. Other doors may swing across landings in dwellings, but only as shown below.
A headroom of at least 2m should be provided on all landings.
Where there are more than 36 risers in consecutive flights of stairs, Approved Document K requires that there is at least one change of direction, with a landing that has a minimum length equal to the width of the stairs. Landings in building other than dwellings should be at least 1200mm long.
For buildings other than dwellings, the maximum number of risers should be 16 for utility stairs, and 12 for general access stairs (or 16 in exceptional circumstances where the plan area is restricted). Landings in buildings other than dwellings should have suitable handrails on each side.
Landings may also be found at the top, bottom and along the length of ramps. They must be at least as long as the width of the ramp. For buildings other than dwellings, they must be at least 1200mm long at the top and bottom of the ramp, and at least 1500mm long for intermediate landings.
Approved Document M sets out additional guidance and requires the provision of landings as rest areas for wheelchair users and people with walking difficulties, and to provide space for wheelchair users to stop and open doors.
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Ancillary area.
- Approved Document B.
- Approved Document K.
- Approved Document M.
- Building regulations.
- Inclusive design.
- Maximum length of a flight of stairs.
- Newel post.
- Spiral stairs and helical stairs.
- Stairs going.
- Stairs nosing.
- Stairs riser.
- Stairs string.
- Stairs tread.
- Types of stairs.
- Wheelchair platform stairlifts.
Featured articles and news
BSRIA publication provides guidance about the capture and analysis of big data.
Gove launches a waste and resources strategy for England.
Only 9% of construction workers are 24 or younger.
Blighting local areas, preventing investment and and encouraging anti-social behaviour.
Sharing knowledge about the conservation of the built and historic environment.
CIOB launches a call to improve quality in the built environment.
Vastint gets permission for a 6.6 hectare site to support the expansion of Leeds’ city core.
One of the Isle of Man’s best 1960s buildings.
Using renewable energy in developing countries - QSAND and Loughborough University Research collaboration.
From frost damage to sulphate attack, common causes of defects in brickwork.
Precautions to take when making advance payments.