Last edited 18 Jan 2021

Resource management in construction


[edit] Introduction

Construction companies face the challenge of delivering often complex projects to a schedule, within a budget, and hopefully with a reasonable profit margin. Resource management is the process of planning the resources necessary to meet the objectives of the project, and to satisfy the client’s requirements.

Construction resource management is the process of planning and allocating resources required to meet project objectives. Proper resource management helps to keep projects on schedule by ensuring that the demand of project resources is met and also maximizes the utilization of resources from project to project.

Without proper resource management, projects can fall behind schedule, or can become unprofitable. The objective is to ensure the adequate and timely supply of resources, whilst at the same time maximising the utilisation of resources between projects.

Construction resources might include:

Fundamental to resource management is real-time visibility of; what resources are needed, what resources are available, where resources are located, and the ability to reschedule those resources accordingly.

[edit] Resource management plans

A resource management plan can be used to:

It should list key information about the required resources for each activity:

[edit] Making a resource management plan work

Successful resource management requires:

Automated resource management systems can improve companies’ overall efficiency, replacing less efficient data collection methods such as paper forms, spreadsheets, and so on. Some of the features they can incorporate include:

[edit] Acceleration

It may become necessary to accelerate the progress of works, either to achieve the completion date, or to meet a new requirement imposed by the client (such as accommodating additional works, or bringing the completion date forward).

Typically, this will require that additional resources are used, although it might be achieved by a reduction in scope of other works, or changes to the design.

See Acceleration for more information.

[edit] Fast track construction

Fast-track construction is a scheduling technique that can be used to reduce the overall duration of projects by overlapping tasks that on a traditional contract would not be commenced until the previous task was completed. Whilst the same number of tasks need to be performed, they are condensed into a shorter period, and so are likely to require more resources.

See Fast track construction for more information

[edit] Resource levelling

Resource levelling is a project management technique in which the demand for limited resources is accommodated by adjusting the project programme. In construction, resource levelling can be used to analyse the variations in resource usage that can occur over time, and which can be inefficient and costly.

See Resource levelling for more information.

[edit] Human resource management

Human resource management (HRM) is the process of managing people within an organisation. In construction, HRM is primarily concerned with ensuring that a project has sufficient human resources, with the correct skill-sets and experience, for the project to be successfully completed.

See Human resource management for more information.

[edit] Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki


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