Last edited 16 Apr 2020


The term ‘mitigate’ means to make less severe or serious.

This can be important in the construction industry in a number of different circumstances.

Mitigation strategies might also be used in relation to:

A handbook on environmental impact assessment, 4th edition, published by Scottish Natural Heritage in 2013, suggests that:

These are the measures taken to avoid, cancel or reduce adverse impacts of a project. They are:

  • Avoidance measures: Designed to avoid or eliminate any adverse impacts arising in the first place, including alternative or ‘do nothing’ options;
  • Cancellation measures: Designed to nullify or cancel out any adverse effects of a project before adverse effects are felt;
  • Reduction measures: Designed to minimise or at least reduce adverse impacts remaining after avoidance and cancellation measures have been applied to a project.

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