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Last edited 16 Apr 2020
The term ‘mitigate’ means to make less severe or serious.
This can be important in the construction industry in a number of different circumstances.
- In relation to project delays, it refers to minimising the impact of the risk event (an event or cause of delay or disruption). For example, acceleration might be used to mitigate a delay. Where there is a claim for an extension of time, the contractor may be required to mitigate the delay and any resulting loss, even where the fault is not their own.
- In terms of losses incurred, it can refer to claimant's duty to mitigate their loss. A claimant will generally not be allowed to recover damage which could have been avoided had the claimant acted reasonably. For more information see: Mitigation of loss.
- In relation to planning policy, planning obligations or planning conditions might be used to mitigate or compensate for the negative impacts of a development. For more information see: Planning obligation and planning condition.
- In terms of risks, a contingency plan might be enacted to mitigate project risks, such as adverse weather, industrial disputes and so on. For more information see: Contingency plan.
Mitigation strategies might also be used in relation to:
- Avoidance measures: Designed to avoid or eliminate any adverse impacts arising in the first place, including alternative or ‘do nothing’ options;
- Cancellation measures: Designed to nullify or cancel out any adverse effects of a project before adverse effects are felt;
- Reduction measures: Designed to minimise or at least reduce adverse impacts remaining after avoidance and cancellation measures have been applied to a project.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Consequential loss.
- Planning condition.
- Planning obligation.
- Contingency plan.
- Environmental impact assessment.
- Relevant event.
- Extension of time.
- Duty to warn in construction.
 External references
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