- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 07 Jul 2020
Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA
|A lockout device applied to a hoist brake. The device prevents manual or electrical release of the brake. This prevents unexpected movement of the hoist mechanism. This hoist is used for a spillway gate. The lockout device is held in place with lockout scissors and secured with two padlocks. In this plant, one padlock is placed initially to secure the device, and the second padlock indicates that the lockout has been checked and verified.|
In December 1970, President Richard Nixon signed the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act), which set the groundwork for the establishment of OSHA. The organisation was officially established in 1971.
Some of the hazards covered under OSHA include:
- Slip falls (or trip falls).
- Toxic fumes.
- Infectious diseases (including COVID-19).
When a workplace hazard is identified and OSHA is informed, the agency will approach the employer to review corrective measures that should be taken. Initially, the employer will be encouraged to remove any safety violations by making changes to the working environment rather than equipping employees with personal protective equipment (PPE).
Representatives from OSHA are referred to as compliance safety and health officers. These professionals are trained to conduct spot inspections to verify compliance with health and safety regulations in the workplace.
- Opening discussion between inspectors and representatives of the employer and the employees.
- Walkthrough inspection of the area.
- Closing discussion between inspectors and representatives.
- Post inspection results (including documentation of violations).
- Appeals and settlement agreements.
 Most common violations
|Workplace violations||Construction site violations|
|1. Fall protection.||1. Fall protection - duty to have.|
|2. Hazard communication.||2. Scaffolding - general.|
|3. Scaffolding.||3. Ladders.|
|4. Lockout/tagout.||4. Fall protection - training requirements.|
|5. Respiratory protection.||5. Personal protective and life saving equipment - eye and face protection.|
|6. Ladders.||6. Personal protective and life saving equipment - head protection.|
|7. Powered industrial trucks.||7. General safety and health provisions.|
|8. Fall protection - training requirements.||8. Excavations.|
|9. Machine guarding.||9. Scaffolds - aerial lifts.|
|10. Personal protective equipment - life saving equipment and eye and face protection.||10. Fall protection systems - criteria and practices.|
- Frequently asked questions and answers.
- Guidance on Preparing Workplaces for COVID-19.
- Guidance on Returning to Work.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- American architecture and construction.
- Construction health risks.
- Coronavirus and the construction industry.
- Health and safety.
- Health and Safety Executive.
- Health and safety policy.
- Office of Construction Services
- Reporting accidents and injuries on construction sites.
- Safety management.
 External references
- United States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
Featured articles and news
Discover the hidden history of pocket doors.
PwC reports on post-pandemic predictions from executives.
Insight for those entering the field of engineering.
A tool borrowed from statistics and applied to construction procurement.
Reports and factsheets for 2018, 2019 released.
Finding the right landscape maintenance contractor.
As organisations investigate options for return to work, WaaS may gain popularity.
CIOB prompts Government to include in its Industrial Strategy.
Aspects of daylighting design covered by EN 17037.
His life, art and legacy. 1 min book review.
An ambitious Victorian new town that was not delivered as planned.