- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
- Specialist wikis
Last edited 09 Dec 2021
Neoclassical architecture, also known as neoclassicism, emerged in the mid-18th century as a reaction to Rococo. Derived from Palladian architecture, it has references to classical Greek and Roman architecture. Unlike Classical revivalism however, neoclassical architecture tends to draw upon the logic of entire Classical volumes rather than just reusing parts.
The characteristics of neoclassical architecture include the grand scale of the buildings, the simplicity of geometric forms, the Greek (particularly Doric) detailing, dramatic columns, and blank walls. By emphasising the simplicity of the wall and its flat, planar quality, as well as the separation of elements, the style was seen as a reaction to the more lavish excesses of Rococo.
The flatter projections and recessions had different effects on light and shade, and sculptural bas-reliefs were flatter and often framed in friezes, tablets or panels. These and other individual features were isolated and ‘complete in themselves’, rather than being integrated with other features.
The emergence of neoclassical architecture dates back to the 1750s, and was widespread across the United States and Europe. In particular, the city of St. Petersburg built a large number of neoclassical buildings under the reign of Catherine II. Similarly, British architecture came to be dominated by neoclassicism by the turn of the 19th century, with the work of architects such as Robert Adam and John Soane.
In France, Claude-Nicolas Ledoux oversaw a ‘second neoclassic wave’ which was more studied and more consciously archaeological, and was associated with the apex of the Napoleonic Empire. This second phase is referred to as ‘Directoire’ or ‘Empire’, as opposed to the earlier ‘Louis XVI style’.
- Architectural styles.
- Art Deco.
- Art Nouveau.
- Baroque architecture.
- Beaux Arts style.
- Chicago school of architecture.
- Classical architecture.
- Egyptian hall.
- Elements of classical columns.
- English architectural stylistic periods.
- Italian rationalism.
- Jacobean architecture.
- Palladian architecture.
- The White House.
Featured articles and news
Review and comment on the revised draft before July 11.
Write about something you know, help us build and grow !
A blended event and triumphant return.
Mark Reynolds succeeds Andy Mitchell as Co-Chair of CLC
Designing Buildings is 10 years old.
From alteration to deconstruction on DB.
Refurbishment for Net Zero.
Understanding temperature in buildings on DB.
A call for home energy management to be modernised.
How many different types can you think of ?
Looking back and fourth to what still needs to be done.
Targets, impacts and action from ECA member.
Pioneering Indian environmental design Architect.
The greenest building is the one already built.
History of Temple Meads rewritten.
Currently standing at just 1%.
Find out more with BSRIA.
A cricket pitch is 1 chain long whilst 80 chains is a mile.
What is your pledge ?
Changes come into force for F,L,O and S.
CIAT member reasons on why it matters.
Nine in ten civil engineers think so.
IHBC Annual School, 15-18 June.
A trusted clip with a long history, worth celebrating.
The new wave of green architectural features in context.
For built environment professionals.