Manual of Section - review
Paul Lewis, Marc Tsurumaki, and David J. Lewis – ‘Manual of Section’
Published by Princeton Architectural Press (Nov 2016)
If there is a definitive framework out there for describing and evaluating sections, then ‘Manual of Section’ is probably it. Developed by the 3 principals of LTL Architects – Paul Lewis, Marc Tsurumaki, and David J. Lewis – the book explores different types of section and what effect they have on form, space, material, and program.
The book opens with a statement that the work ‘has been motivated by the belief that the architectural section is key to architectural innovation’, before proceeding to examine its history and formal types.
They identify seven categories of section:
- Extrusion: The direct extrusion of a plan to a height sufficient for the intended use.
- Stack: The layering of floors directly on top of one another.
- Shape: The deformation of one or more of the primary horizontal surfaces of a building to sculpt space.
- Shear: The use of a rift or cut along either the horizontal or vertical axis of a building to generate sectional difference.
- Hole: The deployment of any number or scale of penetrations through a slab.
- Incline: The manipulation of the angle of an occupiable horizontal plane, which tilts the plan into section.
- Nest: The creation of sectional consequences through an interplay or overlap of legible volumes.
The 63 projects featured in the book are organised into one of these categories, with additional examples classed as hybrids, indeed, as they make a point of stating, ‘buildings rarely exhibit section types in isolation’.
The heart of the book is its double-page spreads, featuring some of the most famous buildings of the 20th and 21st century, through which the authors demonstrate different types section in application. They eschew the use of plans, elevations and renders in favour of exclusively vertical cuts, represented in one-point perspective. The sophisticated spatial hierarchies and interplays between interior and exterior are therefore imbued with an unusual and welcome lucidity and focus.
The projects are varied and well chosen. They include the likes of Louis I Kahn’s Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Le Corbusier’s Notre Dame du Haut and Villa Savoye, Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fallingwater and Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Morphosis’ 41 Cooper Square, Herzog & de Meuron’s 1111 Lincoln Road, Buckminster Fuller’s US Pavilion at Expo ’67, and OMA’s Casa da Musica.
The real joy for architects in sifting through this book will be in scrutinising familiar buildings from a completely new perspective. In many ways it brings to mind Stephen Biesty’s wonderful illustrated cross-sections of castles, ships and such like.
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