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Last edited 11 Feb 2022
Flood risk management
- Rivers and the sea.
- Rising groundwater.
- Overwhelmed sewers and drainage systems.
- Reservoirs, canals and lakes.
- Other artificial sources.
Flood risk management can be loosely defined as the analysis, understanding and appropriate actions based on a flood risk assessment that examines the connection between the sources mentioned in the NPPF as well as physical systems and other environmental conditions.
- Flood defence systems.
- Warning and informing systems.
- Relocation of people in high risk areas.
- Spatial planning.
- Floodplain mapping.
 The Flood and Water Management Act 2010
The Flood and Water Management Act was introduced on 8 April 2010 to implement Sir Michael Pitt’s recommendations following the widespread flooding of 2007 when more than 55,000 homes and businesses were flooded (see Pitt Review).
The Act required better management of flood risk, created safeguards against rises in surface water drainage charges and protected water supplies for consumers. It also gave a new responsibility to the Environment Agency for developing a National Flood and Coastal Risk Management Strategy.
In 2020, the Environment Agency acknowledged the connection between floods and coastal erosion. Its National Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management (FCERM) strategy for England defined FCERM as managing the risks of flooding and coastal erosion to people, property and the natural environment through minimising, predicting and managing the risk.
- The sea.
- Ordinary watercourses.
- Surface water.
- Coastal erosion.
- Adaptive pathways.
- Coast protection authorities.
- Coastal groups.
- Drainage and sewerage management plans DSMPs.
- Flood and Water Management Act.
- Flood risk management plans.
- Flood Risk Management (Scotland) Act 2009.
- Habitat Compensation Programme HCP.
- Long-term investment scenarios LTIS.
- National planning policy framework NPPF.
- Outline planning application.
- Risk management authority RMA.
- Shoreline management plans SMPs.
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