Last edited 25 Sep 2019

Facade Composition

INTRODUCTION

A façade is a building primary exterior face. It generally comprise of the main entrance to the building and the most elaborate architectural features

A façade is the most public face of a building, it is of vital importance because it gives a good view to your house (building) attracting customers, users and fellow residents to come into your building. Good façade design improves the overall image of the town, city or district. It promotes togetherness, business activities, increasing vibrancy and vendor activities

ARCHITECTURAL COMPOSITION OF A FAÇADE

The architectural composition in the design of a façade consist of forms, elements, details, materials, textures and finishes. These creates architectural character and design theme of a building facade. Usually the choice of materials, textures and tones for instance brickwork color, texture and tones might be where this normal character and design excites and animates.

Façade form, refers to a shape or configuration of a façade, however multiple shapes can be placed in the façade articulation to enhance its appearance.

Façade elements refers to decorative architectural elements that includes cornices, architraves, windowsills, consoles, keystone, and other elements that are raised and contoured thus supplying the façade plasticity and impressive appearance.

Façade details refers to characteristic features instituted to a façade to enhance its aesthetic and give character. Façade details are attributed by the architectural styled implored to a design whether modern, postmodern, classical, or gothic style.

Façade materials, refers to materials used in the construction and design of façade they range from masonry veneer, metal wall panel, glasses, EIFS (Exterior Insulation and Finish System); stucco, cementitious (Fiber cement siding), precast concrete to

Façade texture, is the property of smoothness, softness, coarseness of a surface or the structural character of a solid object or granular material. Façade pattern is also considered as a texture. Façade texture synthesis

Façade finishes, these are materials installed along the side of the wall surface to enhance it thermal and weather resistance and amplify its aesthetics. Façade finished includes brick finishes, wood, metal, ceramic, concrete, composites, stone, metal mesh and plastic finishes.

Façade styles and character, identifies architectural style of the design it allows classification of building images into semantic categories belonging to certain periods, regions, and cultural influences. Façade styles comprise of arrangement of architectural structural elements like windows, domes, towers, columns, doors, eaves, etc. Every façade design use certain rules and characteristic forms for the design and construction of structural parts.

Windows and doors, they do cover a large area in the Wall to window ratio compared to other elements. Simple and clear windows add to attractiveness of the façade, repetition and scale of both windows and doors created a pattern that care must be taken during the design process in which if not well designed can create a clutterin``g face that will not be pleasant to view.

Façade color, Conveys the identity and attitude of a building. Color should be considered in respect to sunlight orientations, this helps to determine how the color will appear to the eyes. Well-designed façade complements and responds to architectural character and details.

Lighting, Illuminates the façade surfaces, signs, doors and windows. Flashing, pulsating and moving lights draw attention to façade. Using the lighting fixture that clash with the architectural style and façade character enhances the appealing of the façade.