Last edited 20 Jun 2019

Employer's information requirements EIR

See also our Step-by-step guide to using BIM on projects supported by more than 100 linked articles.

Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a very broad term that describes the process of creating and managing digital information about a built asset such as a building, bridge, tunnel and so on. In the UK the government requires fully collaborative 3D BIM (with all project and asset information, documentation and data being electronic) as a minimum on centrally-procured public projects from 4 April 2016. This represents a minimum requirement for level 2 BIM.

Projects that incorporate level 2 BIM ensure appropriate information is created and shared in a suitable format at the right time so that better decisions can be made throughout the delivery and operation of a built asset.

The employer's information requirements (EIR) define the information that will be required by the employer from both their own internal team and from suppliers for the development of the project and for the operation of the completed built asset. Relevant extracts from the employer's information requirements are included in procurement documents for the appointment of each supplier appointed directly by the employer, which may include; advisors, consultants, contractors and so on.

Prospective suppliers respond to the employer's information requirements with a pre-contract BIM execution plan from which their proposed approach, capability and capacity can be evaluated.

Development of the employer's information requirements is likely to be an iterative process:

  • Initially, it might take the form of a simple information requirements process map which identifies the key decisions that will need to be made during the project to ensure the solution developed satisfies the business need, and defines in very broad terms the information that will be needed to make those decisions.
  • It develops to identify the required material, functional and performance information about facilities, floors and spaces.
  • As the design progresses it identifies more specific requirements about the proposed systems and building components to support procurement.
  • By the end of the project it defines the need for information to support the maintenance and operation of systems and components that are actually installed.

The employer's information requirements should clearly articulate the information requirements for each supplier and describe the expected information deliverables in terms of documents, model files and structured information. It should also define how and when information should be exchanged in the project lifecycle.

However, the exact nature of the employer's information requirements will depend on the complexity of the project and the experience and requirements of the employer. Experienced employers may develop very detailed employer's information requirements, whilst others may only set out high-level requirements, and some basic rules, leaving the supplier to propose how those requirements will be met.

Very broadly, depending on the employer, employer's information requirements may include:

  • Standard methods and procedures defining the way information is created, named and exchanged.
  • Information-related roles and responsibilities giving a clear definition of the information-related roles and what is expected from them.
  • An information delivery plan or release schedule identifying which information deliverables should be delivered, by whom and when.
  • A COBie demand matrix identifying which structured data about the facility, floors, spaces, zones and building components should be delivered and when.

PAS 1192-2:2013 Specification for information management for the capital/delivery phase of construction projects using building information modelling, specifies the requirements for level 2 BIM and suggests that the employer's information requirements should include:

Information management:

Commercial management:

Competence assessment:

The contractual status of the employer's information requirements can be established by referencing it in, or appended it to a BIM protocol. The BIM protocol (such as the freely-available CIC BIM protocol) sets out the contractual definition of BIM responsibilities, liabilities and limitations. The contract used for appointments can be appended with a BIM protocol by the addition a model enabling amendment clause.

The relationship between the employer's information requirements and other contract documentation is illustrated below:

BIM documents.jpg

The UK government-sponsored nbs BIM Toolkit has be developed to support the production of employer's information requirements.

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