Designation can be used to protect areas of value and scientific interest and to ensure that such areas are properly managed. This includes areas of particular value for the conservation of species, habitats, historic and cultural assets and landscapes of great value or beauty.
Designation is driven by a goal to conserve and enhance such areas and is underpinned by UK and international legislation. Development within or near designated areas is subject to additional controls.
 Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
SSSIs were first established in 1949 by the Nature Conservancy so that the conservation of important sites of natural habitat, wildlife and geological heritage could be taken into account during the planning process. Today, Natural England has responsibility for identifying and protecting SSSIs in England under the provisions of the Wildlife and Countryside Act.
SSSIs include sites such as:
- Ancient woodlands.
- Species-rich grasslands.
- Coastal marshes and mudflats.
- Unique geological formations.
 Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)
SACs are areas designated under the European Union’s Habitats Directive to be of value for species, plants and habitats. They comprise marine and terrestrial SACs.
 Special Protection Areas (SPA)
SPAs are designated under the Birds Directive to protect internationally valuable populations of bird species. They comprise inshore marine SPAs and terrestrial SPAs.
 Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)
ANOBs are designated to conserve natural beauty.
 National Nature Reserves (NNR)
 Marine protected areas
Marine protected areas include Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) for habitats of European importance, Special Protection Areas (SPAs) for birds, Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) and Marine Nature Reserves designated to conserve marine flora and fauna and features of special interest.
See Blue belt for more information.
 Heritage Coasts
Heritage coasts are areas of coastline managed to conserve and enhance their natural beauty, facilitate appreciation by the public, and maintain and improve their environmental health.
 World Heritage Sites
World heritage sites are sites with internationally important cultural or national heritage. See World heritage site for more information.
 Local Nature Reserves (LNR)
LNRs are areas of special local wildlife or geological interest.
 Local sites
Other local sites where restrictions might apply include registered common land and registered town or village greens. In addition, conservation areas, tree preservation orders and listed buildings require additional consent for development.
 Global Geoparks
Global Geoparks are part of the Global Geopark Network supported by UNESCO.
 Biosphere reserves
Biosphere reserves are designated under UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme.
 Related articles on Designing Buldings Wiki
- Ancient woodland.
- Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
- Archaeology and construction.
- Archaeological officer.
- Blue belt.
- Civic Amenities Act.
- Common area.
- Conservation areas.
- Conservation officer.
- Designated land.
- Ecological network.
- European sites.
- Heritage Action Zone.
- Historic England.
- Listed buildings.
- Local green space.
- Local interest list.
- Local Nature Reserve.
- National nature reserves.
- National parks.
- Natural England.
- Natural environment white paper.
- Nature improvement area.
- Ramsar sites.
- Scheduled monuments.
- Site of Nature Conservation Interest (SNCI).
- Sites of Special Scientific Interest.
- Special areas of conservation.
- Special protection areas.
- Statutory authorities.
- Statutory permissions.
- The history of conservation areas.
- Tree preservation orders.
- Village greens.
- World heritage site.
 External references
- Natural England Designations Strategy 2012.
- Natural England: Designated sites.
- Commons Act 2006.
- Guidance on competent authority coordination under the Habitats Regulations
- Joint Nature Conservation Committee.
With low fees to no fees IHBC membership offers great value for the progression of your heritage career, job or trade.
IHBC supports Civic Voice 2018 conference
‘How can we balance conservation and regeneration?’ takes place in Birmingham on 19/20 Oct and the IHBC is delighted to host a stand for delegates across both days.
image: By Mramoeba – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53705569
IHBC’s Conservation Wiki re-posts from our membership journal on post-war mass housing with DBW offering a briefing on prefabrication.
DBW offers a new briefing on environmental management plans which are an essential tool for setting and managing environmental objectives for a project.
Local Government Lawyer reports on the Court of Appeal’s judgement on the general principles of considering the setting of listed buildings and the effect of developments.
Built Environment Forum Scotland (BEFS) is seeking data and case studies for the next Scottish Historic Environment Audit.
Written submissions are invited, with a deadline of 1pm on Tuesday 9 October 2018.
image: Parliamentary copyright images are reproduced with the permission of Parliament
Historic Environment Scotland is seeking assistance with views on conserving historic plasterwork in Scotland, in a survey commissioned from Adams Napier Partnership.
England’s DCMS and Office for Civil Society have issued a strategy setting out long term plans to create a country that works for everyone’, the first such strategy in 15 years.
A careers campaign launched by the new president of the Landscape Institute(LI), Adam White, aims to address urgent skills shortages in the landscape profession.
Alan Jones will take over the two-year presidential term from Ben Derbyshire next year (1/09/2019) while from 1/09/2018 he will officially become RIBA President Elect.
image: RIBA website
The RIBA has announced that the first standards for architecture apprenticeships have been approved, for both architectural assistant and architect roles.
Manchester Civic Society, through Steve Speakman, chairman, is issuing a legal challenge to planning permission for the tower block within a conservation area, supported by SAVE.
Ways to make cities more gender inclusive were discussed at the APPG event, ‘Designing Feminist Cities’, on 19 July at ICE’s London headquarters.