Last edited 15 Feb 2021

Ramsar sites

Contents

[edit] Introduction

Ramsar sites are areas of wetland that are designated under the International Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (the Ramsar Convention). The UK government signed up to the Convention in 1976 and in 2014 there were 148 designated sites in the UK and 2186 globally.

[edit] Mission of the Ramsar Convention

The mission of the Ramsar Convention is:

“the conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world”.

Under the Convention, wetlands include:

[edit] UK Ramsar sites

In the UK, in 2014 there were 148 designated Ramsar sites totalling over 785,000 hectares. Further information on each of the sites is available from the Joint Nature Conservation Committee website.

[edit] Ramsar Site criteria

There are nine criteria for identifying Wetlands of International Importance:

[edit] Group A. Sites containing representative, rare or unique wetland types

[edit] Group B. Sites of international importance for conserving biological diversity

[edit] Proposals that may affect a Ramsar site

Any developments that are close to (or within) the boundary of a Ramsar site may require a Habitat Regulations Assessment if they are likely to have an adverse affect on the site. An initial screening stage would be required, followed by an Appropriate Assessment.

Where it is considered that an adverse effect on the integrity of the site is likely, and no alternatives are available, the project can only go ahead if there are imperative reasons of over-riding public interest and if the appropriate compensatory measures can be secured.

[edit] Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki.

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