Last edited 25 Nov 2014


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The Ramsar Convention defines wetlands as:

  • Lakes and rivers.
  • Underground aquifers.
  • Swamps and marshes.
  • Wet grasslands.
  • Peatlands.
  • Oases.
  • Estuaries.
  • Deltas and tidal flats.
  • Mangroves and other coastal areas.
  • Coral reefs.
  • All human-made sites including fish ponds, rice paddies, salt pans and reservoirs.

For more information see Ramsar sites.