Last edited 11 Sep 2020

Wetlands

The Ramsar Convention defines wetlands as:

  • Lakes and rivers.
  • Underground aquifers.
  • Swamps and marshes.
  • Wet grasslands.
  • Peatlands.
  • Oases.
  • Estuaries.
  • Deltas and tidal flats.
  • Mangroves and other coastal areas.
  • Coral reefs.
  • All human-made sites including fish ponds, rice paddies, salt pans and reservoirs.

For more information see Ramsar sites.

The SuDS Manual (C753), published by CIRIA in 2015 defines a wetland as: 'A pond with a high proportion of shallow zones that promote the growth of bottom-rooted plants.'

The Living Building Challenge 4.0, A Visionary Path to a Regenerative Future, published by the International Living Future Institute in June 2019, defines wetlands as: ‘Those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes, bogs, and similar areas.’

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