Scottish Parliament Building
Scotland’s Parliament Building is located at the foot of Edinburgh’s Royal Mile, opposite Holyrood Palace and overlooked by Salisbury Crags and Arthur’s Seat. It was designed by the Spanish architect Enric Miralles, who died shortly before its completion in 2004, having been under construction since 1999. Miralles had drawn inspiration from the surrounding landscape, saying that he wanted a building that appeared to be ‘growing out of the ground’.
Rather than being a single building, the Parliament is a campus of several, each reflecting different architectural styles, with a total floor area of 31,000 sq. m. The roof of the buildings is distinctive, reminiscent of upturned boats on the seashore.
From the outset of the project, the building proved controversial, with many detractors from politics, media and the public. It was delivered 3 years late and had an estimated final cost of £414 m, drastically higher than the initial estimates of £10-40m. The high profile Fraser Inquiry into the construction criticised the management of the whole project, from the handling of cost increases to the implementation of design variations.
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