- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 25 Jan 2017
Project lifecycle for major road projects
- A standard project lifecycle.
- Standard project deliverables.
- Project control processes.
- Governance arrangements.
The project lifecycle for major road projects is set out in the project control framework Handbook v2 April 2013.
Once initiated a project enters the major projects lifecycle which breaks down the three phases of the project control framework into seven stages shown below:
 Major projects lifecycle
0: Strategy, shaping and prioritisation
 Options phase
1: Option identification
- Identify options to be taken to public consultation.
- Assess options in terms of environmental impact, traffic forecasts and economic benefits.
- Refine the cost estimate of options (including an allowance for risk).
2: Option selection
- Carry out public consultation including exhibitions.
- Analyse comments received and select a preferred option.
- Refine the cost estimate for preferred option (including allowance for risk).
- Refine the environmental impact assessment, traffic forecasts, and economic benefits following public consultation if required.
- Produce an outline business case.
- Announce the preferred route.
 Development phase
3: Preliminary design
- If early contractor involvement procurement method selected, appoint contractor.
- Carry out surveys (such as topographical, geotechnical, environmental).
- For Planning Act 2008 schemes hold community consultation including exhibitions, complete consultation report and resolve or rebut outstanding issues.
- Complete and freeze the preliminary design of the preferred route.
- Prepare draft Planning Act 2008 development consent order (or Highways Act 1980 orders if the scheme is below the threshold for a nationally significant infrastructure project (NSIP)), as appropriate.
- Complete the environmental assessment and prepare the environmental statement.
- Agree initial target cost with ECI contractor (if applicable).
4: Statutory procedures and powers
- Publish notice of acceptance of Planning Act 2008 draft development consent order and application (or notice of draft Highways Act 1980 orders if the scheme is below the threshold for a NSIP) and environmental statement as appropriate (exhibitions may be considered for Highways Act 1980 orders).
- Arrange public inquiry for Highways Act 1980 orders (if required).
- Under the Planning Act 2008 the Planning Inspectorate will decide on the preliminary meeting and examination of the application for development consent. We will need to register and comment as an interested party (the developer).
- Present evidence and rebuttals to objections for Highways Act 1980 orders at inquiry.
- The Planning Inspectorate panel or inspector will make recommendations to the Secretary of State.
- Issue secretary of state’s decision letter confirming whether orders/development consent are to be confirmed as published in draft, rejected or amended.
5: Construction preparation
- Confirm orders/development consent and respond to any high court challenges (if any).
- Obtain approval to any advance works or advance statutory undertakers diversions.
- Agree costs of construction with the contractor. If ECI is procurement method, agree final target cost.
- Produce the final business case.
- For Planning Act 2008 schemes place details of land to be acquired on deposit and publish a notice to say where these can be inspected.
- Obtain notice to proceed
 Construction phase
- Issue notices to treat and enter take possession of land.
- Complete detailed design.
- Construct and commission scheme.
- Hand over asset for operation with as-built drawings and health and safety file.
- Open scheme to traffic.
- Agree final account with contractor.
- Contractor completes outstanding works (or re-work).
- Complete a review of project.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
GMP is an agreement with a contractor that the contract sum will not exceed a specified maximum. Read more here.
The BREEAM Sustainability Champion is changing to the Advisory Professional - here's what you need to know.
A fresh round of job-cuts takes the total number of redundancies to over 1,000.
Read our introductory article to the completion date in construction contracts.
Almost 90% of freight in London is moved by road. The River Thames could add much needed extra capacity.
National Infrastructure Commission warn that large infrastructure projects are at risk of falling behind.
The quality of Cambridge owes as much to its open spaces as to its architectural uniqueness.
If events occur that cause the completion of the works to be delayed then these may be compensation events.
BSRIA's new Building MOTs Scheme is designed to provide guidance on the next steps after compliance.
At an ICE discussion, the focus was on delivering a Northern Infrastructure Strategy based on opportunity for all.