Last edited 16 Oct 2020

PAS 2060

Contents

[edit] Introduction

Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) are fast-track standards, specifications, codes of practice or guidelines developed by sponsoring organisations to meet an immediate market need following guidelines set out by BSI (British Standards Institution). Normally, within two years they are reviewed to assess whether they should be revised, withdrawn, or become formal British Standards or international standards.

PAS 2060 Specification for the demonstration of carbon neutrality ensures a consistent and comparable approach to carbon neutrality claims. It was announced in October 2009 after collaboration between government, professional, commercial and educational institutions. Participants in the steering group included the Department of Energy and Climate Change, BREEAM (BRE Environmental Assessment Method), the Association of British Certification Bodies, The Carbon Trust, the Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment and other commercial and academic entities.

BSI officially introduced PAS 2060 in April 2010; the current version is PAS 2060:2014.

[edit] Background

The primary purpose of PAS 2060 is to restore consumers’ confidence in the credibility of carbon neutrality claims and to encourage increased action on climate change. It builds on existing environmental standards such as the ISO 14000 series and PAS 2050. By including reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as an essential element in carbon neutrality, PAS 2060 encourages increased action on climate change and improvements in carbon reduction management.

The specification is applicable to any type of entity (such as businesses, regional and local government, communities, academic institutions, clubs and social groups, families and individuals) and any of its subjects, which can include activities, towns or cities, buildings or products. To claim compliance with the PAS, the organisation or individual concerned must satisfy all the requirements of the specification. Compliance allows entities to promote their environmental credentials based on an established and accepted benchmark.

[edit] Four steps to PAS 2060

The standard requires four steps: measuring, reducing, offsetting and documenting and verifying.

[edit] Step 1: Measurement

The first step of the process is to measure the carbon footprint of the product or organisation using an approved methodology. Organisations should either use ISO 14064-1 or GHG Corporate Protocol. For products and services, measurement should be based on a PAS 2050 life cycle assessment.

The footprint measurements should include 100% of Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions plus all Scope 3 emissions that contribute more than 1% of the total footprint. These three emission scopes are defined as:

Although the standard requires substantial footprint measurement, there is some degree of flexibility on the basis that it may not be practical (either logistically or economically) to capture accurate emission measurements from all sources. These sources in question can be omitted from the footprint if their removal is justified and reported.

[edit] Step 2: Reduction

Organisations pursuing PAS 2060 are required to create a carbon management plan. This plan includes the organisation’s public commitment to carbon neutrality along with specific aspects of the reduction strategy, including:

[edit] Step 3: Offsetting

At the end of a reduction period, carbon emissions must be offset by certified carbon credits that:

  • Come from the Clean Development Mechanism, Joint Implementation, Voluntary Carbon Standard or other PAS 2060 approved schemes.
  • Would not have happened without PAS 2060 and are genuinely additional.
  • Have been verified by an independent third party for permanence, integrity and accuracy.
  • Will be retired to a credible registry after a maximum of one year.

[edit] Step 4: Documentation and verification

Documentation of PAS 2060 requires a declaration known as a Qualifying Explanatory Statement (QES). The QES must be publicly disclosed along with all carbon neutrality supporting documentation.

Verification is based on three types of validation of the achievement of neutrality: self validation, other party validation and third party independent validation.

[edit] How to decide whether or not to pursue PAS 2060

There are three paths to PAS 2060 implementation:

[edit] Update

In 2014, PAS 2060 was updated to reflect changes in the understanding of greenhouse gas emissions assessments, reductions and offsetting actions that took place over the first two years of its availability.

These changes include:

  • Additional insight and guidance on events and event planning.
  • Provisions for how advertising or other promotional claims are made. Claims and declarations are still required but may now be included in the QES.
  • Simplified text for an equivalent “representative statement” for use in promotional material.

PAS 2060:2014 is available to download for a fee from the BSI website.

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[edit] External resources

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