- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 22 Sep 2020
ING House was built as the Amsterdam headquarters of ING, the Dutch bank and insurance group. It is located in Amsterdam’s Southern Axis (Zuidas) financial district outside of the city centre, alongside the A10 ring road.
Known as the shoe (or the dustbuster), the well established visual landmark is popular with the local community due to its distinct shape. The building’s iconic postmodern design is the work of Meyer and Van Schooten (MVSA Architects) and was constructed by Heijmans. The project began in 1999 and was completed in 2002.
 Making the shoe fit
The unusual design of the building was selected for its ability to fit into the surrounding environment. Situated in a long, narrow strip of land, the structure is wedged between the existing Zuidas business district and the New Lake green zone.
In addition to satisfying the geographic criteria of the site, the building had to support ING’s ecological requirements while providing a comfortable environment. The building's intelligent glass facade and the aluminium supports create a successful framework for a design that accomplished those goals.
The shoe is supported by 16 v-shaped steel legs. Each leg is independent, yet stable, due to the pin and concrete technique of construction used (much like the technique used in bridge construction). The height of the legs varies from 9 to 12 metres.
The north elevation of the building faces the business district and the motorway. It is lifted above the embankment (by the higher legs) to minimise direct views of the traffic. Acoustic treatments are incorporated into this side of the building to dampen the noise from traffic.
The south side of the building (on the lower legs) overlooks the green zone and has a reduced profile. Due to the southern exposure and heat load, this side of the building is protected by solar shading.
 Environmental aspects
A double glazed facade supports natural ventilation and noise reduction while stabilising temperatures and maintaining air quality. Temperatures are also controlled by an underground heat and cold storage system fed by water drawn from site wells. This innovative climate control system provides 'environmentally friendly' air conditioning.
Inside the building, sustainable approaches are also apparent. Openness and green spaces are incorporated throughout the communal and work areas, and on the south side (away from the motorway), emphasis is put on views across the landscape.
 Highs and lows
In 2012, ING moved out of the shoe to the Bijlmermeer, another neighbourhood in Amsterdam. The ING subsidiary Nationale-Nederlanden also moved out of the shoe in 2014.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Air conditioning.
- Big Duck.
- Environmental - sustainable - green design.
- Fish Building, India.
- Haines Shoe House.
- Lucy the elephant.
- Piano Building.
- Postmodern architecture.
- Structural systems for offices.
- Teapot Dome Service Station.
- The Headington Shark.
- The Kelpies.
- The Oculus.
- Unusual building design of the week.
- Walt Disney Concert Hall.
Featured articles and news
Retirement community harmonises old buildings with new structures.
Defended Scapa Flow from WWII attacks, but now battered by rising sea levels.
The real economic impact of historic preservation.
None have anything to do with maths, physics or science!
Report includes sales vs production of compressors by type.
Government announces latest plans for growth.
Will the new requirements - once passed - go far enough?
These post-WWII modular buildings were unpopular, yet ubiquitous.
What's the verdict from the court of public opinion?
Shift to home-based work influences closed plan preferences.
An overview of the current state of the market.
Organisation offers best practices for construction and modification.
Heritage on the edge?
Prioritising tax considerations.