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Last edited 27 Jan 2018
Solar radiation can be useful in providing natural light and heat for buildings, reducing the need for artificial lighting or heating. This can reduce energy use and so emissions. However, excessive solar radiation can result in overheating, which may need to be countered with energy-intensive cooling, or can cause glare, a form of visual discomfort experienced when lighting is excessively bright.
Solar shading, is a form of solar control that can be used to optimise the amount of solar heat gain and visible light that is admitted into a building. This can have a significant impact on the energy use of a building as well as on the thermal and visual comfort of occupants, protecting against overheating and glare on hot or sunny days. It can also provide privacy.
Solar shading can be fixed or moveable (dynamic).
Fixed solar shading can be provided by:
- Overhanging eaves or balconies.
- Trees and other vegetation.
- External louvres or brise soleil.
- Light shelves.
- Canopies and awnings.
- Solar control glazing.
Dynamic solar shading can be provided by:
- Internal blinds.
- Internal or external shutters.
- External roller blinds.
- Other adjustable shading devices that respond to conditions.
However, The way these systems are controlled can have a significant impact on building energy efficiency and on occupant comfort and wellbeing. Incorrect operation can lead to overheating and glare, or can result in a building being shaded when it does not need to be.
Dynamic solar shading can be operated manually by chords, chains and crank handles, or it can be motorised, either hard wired, battery operated or solar powered. This can make control easier and safer and can allow automation, either by timer or in response to actual conditions.
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