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Temporary works are defined in BS5975: 2008 A1: 2001 Code of Practice for Temporary Works Procedures and the Permissible Stress Design of Falsework (BSI 2011) as:
'Parts of the works that allow or enable construction of, protect, support or provide access to, the permanent works and which might or might not remain in place at the completion of the works.’
Temporary works designers have the same designer duties as permanent works designers and must be sufficiently competent in their specific field of temporary works design.
The designers should:
- Avoid foreseeable risks as reasonably practicable, including risks in relation to the removal of any temporary works once construction is complete.
- Coordinate with permanent works designers and principal contractors to discuss the effects of any temporary work loading and possible disturbances during the construction of the permanent structure.
Temporary works are most commonly the contractor’s responsibility. The cost of any temporary works is generally included in the build-up of the tender.
Temporary works will often be taken from site to site and re-used and it is important to consider the components robustness when approaching the design. However, temporary works that are designed only to be used during construction must not be removed until the satisfactory safety criteria for their use has been met.
A local failure within the temporary works should not initiate a global collapse of the structure.
Scaffolding includes providing a temporary safe working platform for:
It is formed from individual tubes and joints or, proprietary components.
There are two main types of scaffolding:
- Freestanding scaffolds, such as Independent towers,
- Independent tied scaffolds, such as independent towers tied to an adjacent structure.