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Last edited 30 Jul 2019
An electrical appliance is defined within BS 7671 (IET Wiring Regulations) as:
‘An item of current-using equipment, other than a luminaire (light fitting) or an independent motor’
Electrical appliances are often split into three categories:
- Consumer electronics – such as television, audio, IT, data processing, etc.
- Small appliances – such as electric kettles, toasters, hair driers, beverage makers, etc.
- Larger appliances – such as refrigeration, cooking, laundry equipment, etc.
Electrical appliances within buildings may range from handheld or portable items to items designed for use in a fixed position.
Often, apart from appliances for use in private dwellings, electrical appliances need to be subject to regular routine testing and inspection, in order to provide continued safety assurance. Such regimes are known as ‘PAT testing’ (Portable Appliance Testing) and are put in place to meet obligations under the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 (SI 1989/635).
When considering such testing, it is of vital importance to correctly identify and itemise such appliances which may be considered as part of the ‘fixed electrical installation’ versus those that fall under ‘PAT testing’ activities. This can help avoid equipment being overlooked and remaining untested or unchecked.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Amendment 3 BS 7671 Requirements for Electrical Installations IET Wiring Regulations.
- Consumer electronics.
- Consumer units.
- ECA articles.
- Electric motor.
- Electrical component.
- Electrical consumption.
- Electrical energy.
- Electrical equipment.
- Electrical installation.
- Electrical power.
- Electricity bill.
- Electricity supply.
- Glossary of electrical terms.
- Protected circuit.
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