Last edited 21 Dec 2020

Building inspector

Note: The Explanatory Notes to the Draft Building Safety Bill, published by the Ministry of Housing, Communities & Local Government on 20 July 2020, suggests that ‘registered building inspector’: ‘Refers to individual inspectors that are registered by the Building Safety Regulator.’

In the United States, building inspectors (also known as construction inspectors or building officials) are responsible for ensuring that construction works satisfy the requirements of building codes, zoning regulations and so on. Building inspectors are usually employed by local government departments or agencies and certified by the State or the International Code Council (ICC). The UK equivalent are building control bodies.

Inspections are carried out to ensure compliance, and inspectors may issue violation notices or stop-work orders if they are not satisfied with construction works.

Typically, building inspectors carry out the following tasks:

The term 'building inspector' can also be used to refer to inspectors that are not working for the government, such as inspectors carrying our site inspections on behalf of a client to ensure that works comply with specifications, home inspectors and so on.

There are several different types of specialist building inspector:

It is common for states and local jurisdictions for expect building inspectors to be licensed or certified to carry out inspections. These can be independently issued by particular states or issued by associations such as the ICC, International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials, International Association of Electrical Inspectors, National Fire Protection Association, and so on.

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