- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 23 Mar 2018
According to Approved Document L2B: conservation of fuel and power in existing buildings other than dwellings, the term 'building envelope' refers to:
|...the walls, floor, roof, windows, doors, roof windows and roof lights.|
The nature of the building envelope is likely to depend on a wide range of requirements, some of which may be in conflict:
- The type of building.
- Its location and context.
- Its form.
- Regulatory requirements.
- Local climatic conditions.
- The internal conditions required.
- The need for openings, views, security, safety, access, privacy and so on.
- Available materials.
- Structural requirements.
- Building services strategy,
- Sustainability requirements.
- Maintenance and cleaning requirements.
- Rainwater run off.
- Durability, flexibility and expected life.
- The method of construction, deconstructability and recyclability.
- Stylistic requirements.
- Budgetary and time constraints.
NB According to Approved Document L1A:
|The envelope area of a terraced house includes the party wall(s). The envelope area of a flat in a mulit-storey building includes the floors, walls and ceilings which are shared with adjacent flats.|
And, in relation to air permeability:
|The envelope area, or measured part of the building, is the total area of all floors, walls and ceilings bordering the internal volume that is the subject of the pressure test. This includes walls and floors below external ground level. Overall internal dimensions are used to calculate this envelope area and no subtractions are made for the area of the junctions of internal walls, floors and ceilings with exterior walls, floors and ceilings.|
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
Achieving sustainable roads funding in England.
Your chance to comment on the draft BS 851188 - flood resistance products and flood protection products.
Rebuilding could take 20 to 40 years.
RSHP’s high-rise residential towers win a tall buildings award for excellence.
BSRIA study reveals strong growth in 2018.
Dame Judith Hackitt confirmed as keynote speaker – one year on from the Hackitt Report.
Save £100 on tickets.
Modern slavery in the construction sector.
What to bear in mind when claiming damages in construction.
How do we achieve sustainable clean-water infrastructure for all?
What you should know when appointing an architect.
A brief history plus some new developments.
How computational fluid dynamics (CFD) helps building design.