Buckingham Palace is the symbolic residence and administrative headquarters of the reigning British monarch, located at the end of The Mall in London.
The Palace has become synonymous with state occasions and times of national celebration or mourning, and is often used for royal hospitality.
Like Windsor Castle, the palace is owned by the reigning monarch who holds the right of the Crown, rather than being the monarch’s personal property. Responsibility for maintaining the palace lies with Her Majesty’s Government, in exchange for the profits made by the Crown Estate.
The palace has 775 rooms, including 19 state rooms, 52 principal bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices, and 78 bathrooms. It also has its own post office, cinema, swimming pool, doctor's surgery, and jeweller's workshop. The palace garden is the largest private garden in London.
 Design and construction
The building that is at the core of the modern palace was originally known as Buckingham House. This was a large townhouse built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703, replacing the original house. It was built to the design of William Winde, as a large, three-storey central block with two smaller flanking service wings.
In 1826, King George IV decided to enlarge the house into a palace, using the services of the architect John Nash. The plans involved constructing three wings around a central courtyard. The external façade was designed in the French neoclassical style that was favoured by the King. However, costs rose steeply and, in 1829, the King removed Nash as architect. In 1830, the new King William IV appointed Edward Blore to complete the works.
It was with the accession to the throne of Queen Victoria in 1837 that Buckingham Palace became the official London residence of the British monarch.
The last major structural additions were made in the late 19th and early-20th centuries. In 1911, the gates, railings and forecourt were created. In 1913, the east front that looks out on the Mall was redesigned by Sir Aston Webb. The refaced principal façade of Portland stone was designed to be the backdrop to the Victoria Memorial statue, and includes the famous balcony on which the Royal Family greets crowds.
The interior includes a range of baroque, rococo and 19th century finishes. There is widespread use of brightly-coloured scagliola and blue and pink lapis. King Edward VII redecorated many of the interiors in a Belle époque cream and gold colour scheme.
The palace was bombed nine times during World War II, the most serious of which destroyed the palace chapel in 1940. John Mowlem & Co. was responsible for the careful restoration of the palace when the war was over.
In 1970, the palace was designated a Grade I listed building.
The palace has steadily been falling into disrepair over the years and in March 2017 a 10-year schedule of maintenance work was approved by the Parliament. This will include new plumbing, wiring, boilers, radiators and solar panel installation on the roof. The costs for this have been estimated at £369 million, to be funded by a temporary increase in the Sovereign Grant paid from the income of the Crown Estate. The maintenance work is intended to extend the working life of the palace by at least 50 years.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
The Conservation Hierarchy is a new framework developed by the University of Oxford to help construction projects achieve Biodiversity Net Gain.
Jacqueline Hughes, senior risk analyst at Equib, in pbctoday discusses how project managers for town centre developments can get their risk management strategies right.
A new paper from the Adam Smith Institute argues that the problem with the High Street has been totally misunderstood, saying that we need to reform restrictive planning rules and reject a policy of managed decline to reinvigorate our town centres.
The Whole Life Cost of Energy (WLCoE) calculator – issued by government in BETA form – is intended to help building owners and operators to understand the full financial cost of the energy their buildings use, and welcomes feedback
New research published by Historic England (HE) shows the value of heritage to England’s economy as it contributes to economic prosperity and growth through jobs in the heritage and construction sectors and from tourism.
Investigations have begun into what caused part of Chester’s Roman city wall to collapse during construction work.
Though conservation professionals' skills in understanding, defining and explaining local character and architecture can help inform new residential design.
Over 500 historic places have been added to the National Heritage List for England (NHLE) in 2019 and Historic England (HE) has showcased 21 highlights.
The K2 prototype telephone box situated outside the Royal Academy in London – built as part of the 1924 competition that gave rise to the iconic design and first listed at Grade II in 1986 – has had its listing upgraded to Grade II*.
The second in a series focusses on developing the Asset Information Model (AIM).
Reflecting issues that will be encountered across the IHBC’s June 2020 Brighton School, think tank Centre for Cities argues for High Street success.
City A.M took a tour of the first apartment to be completed within the original grade II*-listed power station with designer Tim Boyd of Michaelis Boyd – which also designed the interiors for Soho House and the Groucho Club – and Battersea Power Station’s UK sales director Georgia Siri.