3: Developed design
Developed design (sometimes referred to as 'detailed design' or ‘definition’) develops the concept design into a dimensionally correct and co-ordinated design, describing all of the main components of the building and how they fit together. It should provide sufficient information for applications for statutory approvals to begin.
It may be useful to consult with specialist subcontractors during this stage to begin to address specific technical aspects of the design that will be developed fully in the next stage.
The employer’s information requirements and the master information delivery plan should be reviewed and revised at the start of the stage. They will develop to outline the requirements and plan to deliver information needed for statutory approvals and to build and install elements, systems and parts.
The supplier co-ordinates the development of the design based upon the approved concept design. The spatial coordination and information exchange processes described in PAS 1192-2 should be adopted to ensure the design team shares and coordinates information effectively.
The supplier develops the project information model in accordance with the master information delivery plan. They may also develop other information they have identified as important through the course of their activities.
Specification properties and attributes are developed so that the selection of systems and products is possible. Where the employer has already specified that certain building products should be used, or where there are key components that have already been selected, these may be incorporated into the model.
Structural information and architectural information should develop in detail, and services design may include generic information about sizes, capacity and control systems. The model may allow early contractor engagement, and an outline construction sequence may be developed. Plans, cross sections, elevations, and visualisations may be produced as well as schedules of facilities.
Clash avoidance (rather than detection) should be a continuous part of the process. Software-driven clash detection can provide a safety net, but should not be used as a substitute for careful design.
The supplier should consult with specialist subcontractors regarding important technical aspects of the design. They should also consult the employer and other stakeholders about functional aspects of the design.
The design is amended and developed based upon the outcome of consultations that have taken place.
The supplier should consult the statutory authorities to establish requirements for approvals (such as building regulations approvals), including the preferred form and content of submissions. An approved inspector may be appointed to consider building regulations submissions rather than making submissions to a local authority inspector, and in this case, the appointment process should include assessment of the inspector's BIM capability.
The elemental cost plan should be updated from the model, accompanied by a schedule of assumptions made and a cash flow projection. A detailed assessment of whole-life costs might also be undertaken. If necessary a value management exercise may be undertaken.
The supplier prepares an end of stage report summarising key issues, identifying risks, identifying products that have been selected, any performance specified work and the requirement for design by specialists. The report may include a developing soft landings strategy and might summarise the outcome of consultations, such as the likelihood of receiving building regulations approval.
The supplier prepares an information exchange (or 'data drop') as required by the employer's information requirements. This involves issuing published information into the employer's information environment.
|Plain language questions||Information required|
|Is the information compliant with employer's information requirements?
Is the design affordable or is value management necessary?
Are the proposals likely to satisfy building regulations and other statutory requirements?
Should specialists be appointed to assist in the preparation of the technical design?
If it has not already been done, should a planning application be submitted?
|Native and industry foundation classes (IFC) building information model files.
Updated employer's information requirements.
Updated project management plan.
Drawings and reports.
Next stage >> 4: Technical design.
Featured articles and news
Studio Libeskind reveal designs for a new skyscraper with a living facade in Toulouse.
A mega-dome, a cenotaph for Newton, a bubble over New York - some of the most famous projects that were never realised.
One of the oldest and finest examples of Byzantine and Islamic architecture, the Dome of the Rock.
Have a look at our article explaining thermal comfort in buildings.
BRE's ethical labour sourcing standard and how it could help tackle modern slavery in the construction industry.
BSRIA publish mechanical and electrical maintenance customer satisfaction key performance indicators.
Have a look at our article on the history, practice and techniques of placemaking.
Have a look at the key recommendations from ICE's new report on the digital transformation of infrastructure.
The Gate of Europe, the world's first inclining high-rises, with a lean of 15-degrees.
Why engineers need to keep pace with the challenges and opportunities of the digital transformation of the infrastructure sector.
Have a read of our introductory article on fabric structures; their history, properties and characteristics, and more...