Global Air Conditioning Study 2016
The study shows that global growth disappointed again in 2015 across all product ranges and is expected to recover at a slower pace than previously projected. The global market contracted by five per cent in value terms in 2015 whereas the market had shown a growth of seven per cent in 2014. The previous year's main drivers in the increase in the Asian Pacific region were also key in the drop of the total world market in 2015.
 Asia Pacific
Asia Pacific, the biggest PAC (packaged air conditioning) market accounting 61 per cent of the world market by volume, declined by five per cent. The top four markets, China, Japan, Indonesia and South Korea all contracted and contributed to the downward trend.
2015 was a turbulent year for China. The country's GDP grew at its lowest rate in 25 years spreading fears across the globe. The stock market has seen huge volatility, declining imports and exports, a depreciation of its currency, raising concerns about non-performing debts and low raw material prices all of which had a negative impact on the air conditioning market. The PAC market reached 49.3 million units, down by seven per cent compared to 2014. The mini-VRF (20kW) was the only market that managed to grow amongst PAC products due to the growing demand from residential applications.
Saziye Dickson, Senior Market Research Consultant, WMI, said: “The bit of good news from the region came from Vietnam, Australia and Philippines. The growing GDP and attractive economic characteristics mean the Vietnamese market has good potential for Foreign Direct Investments. However, the growth in the splits market was mostly down to hot weather during the peak season and after-season. In Australia, demand has grown in 2015 as a result of a strong residential market in both the apartment and housing sectors.
“In the Philippines the solid growth of packaged products market is attributable to the flourishing new private construction especially the high rise condominium, commercial offices, shopping malls and other applications.”
 The Americas
The Americas region also mirrored the trend and contracted by two per cent in volume terms at 27.4 million units in 2015. The previous year's biggest contributor, Brazil, contracted by 18 per cent after 28 per cent growth in 2014. Political instability and the economic downturn were the main reasons behind this drop. The growth in the US market, which is the biggest market in the region minimised the negative impact in the continent. The PAC market grew by four per cent and reached 16.1 million units. The main reasons for growth were improved macroeconomic indicators such as low unemployment, growth in GDP and increase in construction output.
The European PAC market grew by two per cent in 2015 compared to the previous year's drop of 16 per cent in volume terms. Most economies in the region started to show a little economic recovery with the impact felt across air conditioning industries. In addition to that, a hot summer and energy efficiency were the main factors in many countries. The new F Gas regulation, which has been updated from the 2006 version, came into force on 1 January 2015 putting a lot more pressure on the industry.
In order of importance, the growth in Spain, France, Italy, Turkey, Greece, Sweden and Germany contributed to the overall growth in the region. The biggest PAC market, Russia, recorded a massive drop of 18 per cent by volume. The sharp contraction in the Russian economy, devaluation of its currency by more than 50 per cent, and economic sanctions and low oil prices all had an impact on many industries including air conditioning.
 Middle East, India and Africa
The MEIA region managed to show another year of growth in 2015 increasing from 11.6 million to 12.5 million units. The biggest AC market in the region, India, continued to be the major contributor to this growth. The market grew by four per cent in volume terms and reached four million units. There were several contributing factors such as a growing GDP, low raw material prices and resumption of projects which were on hold pre-election in 2014.
The biggest four major markets all recorded growth in 2015, namely; India, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria* and Egypt. Iran, Bangladesh and South Africa were also amongst the growing markets in the region.
The countries that failed to grow were UAE, Kuwait and Qatar. The drop in oil prices which these three countries rely on, caused a reduction in public spending which impacted on the air conditioning industry.
Total sales of moveables for 2015 were estimated at two million units representing an increase of seven per cent compared to 2014 and valued at US$524 million. The biggest moveables market, the United States grew by 16 per cent and reached one million units. The main reason behind the growth in the US was weather patterns, but also competitive pricing, which is moving downwards as competition toughens.
Saziye Dickson said: “The hot summer in Europe caused portables market to raise significantly; Italy, Spain and France all grew by 89 per cent, 49 per cent and 38 per cent respectively by volume. The world's other significant markets – Brazil and China – also managed to grow however it was at more modest levels, three per cent and one per cent in volume terms. Although this market is difficult to forecast due to seasonal sales, BSRIA expects this market to grow at around three per cent CAGR between the period of 2014-2020 in volume terms.”
The windows / through the wall market showed an upward trend and grew by two per cent in volume. The market was valued as 12 million units and US$2.6 billion. This growth was mostly down to world's two biggest markets showing an increase; the USA (4 per cent) and Saudi Arabia (14 per cent) in 2015. These two markets accounted for round 60 per cent of the global market.
The warm weather and Indian Summer were the main reasons for the increase in the US and the reasonable pricing of new energy efficient windows units compared to splits was the main reason behind the increase in Saudi Arabia.
This market is expected to remain relatively flat globally, albeit falling in many countries. The growth in the US is expected to keep the market relatively stable during the forecast period of 2014-2020.
The world market was just over 100,000 units in 2014, and increase from 96,000 units in 2014 with a corresponding value of US$426 million. Japan was by far the biggest market for this product accounting for around quarter of the total market by volume, followed by Italy, Spain, China and USA.
Note: * Nigeria – this market was researched in 2014: no update was available in 2015.
For more information on the availability and costs of BSRIA's reports, contact: Steve Turner, General Manager, Sales: firstname.lastname@example.org; 01344 465 610; M- 07725 278 640, or go to the BSRIA website.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
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- Cooling systems for buildings.
- Displacement ventilation.
- Evaporative cooling.
- F Gas.
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- Global study of challenges and opportunities in the BACS market.
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- Variable air volume VAV.
- Variable refrigerant flow VRF.
- World Air Conditioning market study 2015.
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