English Heritage (or the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England) was created by the National Heritage Act 1983 when it took on heritage functions previously carried out by the Department of the Environment (DOE), the Ancient Monuments Board for England and the Historic Buildings Council for England. Subsequently it also took on the functions of the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (RCHME).
It championed historic places and advised the Government and others about how to get the best out of our heritage. Local planning authorities were also required to consult English Heritage on planning applications which affected certain aspects heritage assets if they intended to give consent.
However, on 14 October 2014, the Department for Culture, Media & Sport (DCMS), Ed Vaizey MP and English Heritage confirmed that the government would split English Heritage into two organisations:
- Historic England, the new official name for The Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England, previously known as English Heritage, which will continue to provide planning and conservation services.
- A new charity, officially called the English Heritage Trust, which took the name of English Heritage and will manage the National Heritage Collection (state-owned historic properties that are opened to the public).
This change took place on 1 April 2015.
The new English Heritage is a charity, independent of government, that manages more than 400 historic buildings, monuments and sites, from prehistoric sites to Cold War bunkers. It does this under a licence from Historic England that runs until 2023. Historic England is the sole member of English Heritage who will appoint trustees to its board.
Anna Eavis, Curatorial Director at English Heritage said, 'Our plan is to capture the imagination of our visitors through innovative approaches to history… Whether on a famous battlefield, in the heart of a medieval castle, among the ruins of a once-great abbey or in the kitchen of a country house, the voices of our ancestors will sing out.'
They suggest that their priorities are; to create inspirational visitor experiences that bring the story of England to life; to clear the backlog of high-priority conservation defects and to develop partnerships.
The Government awarded £80m towards funding vital conservation work and new presentation and interpretation of historic sites. However, English Heritage have made a commitment to become self-funding by 2023 by building on commercial and fund-raising activities and attracting major gifts and grants.
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Archaeology and construction.
- Archaeological officer.
- BS 7913: Guide to the Conservation of Historic Buildings.
- Building Preservation Notice.
- Certificate of immunity.
- Conservation area.
- Conservation officer.
- Designated areas.
- Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013 and listed buildings.
- Historic England.
- Listed buildings.
- Natural England.
- Natural Resources Wales.
- National Trust.
- Planning permission.
- Scheduled monuments.
- Scottish Natural Heritage.
- Sites of Special Scientific Interest.
- Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings.
- Statutory consultees.
- Tree preservation order.
- VAT - protected buildings.
 External references
LPOC notes ‘...it is perverse that repairs should be subject to VAT when new development is not'.
Loyd Grossman recently appeared on a BBC radio programme to discuss NIMBYism in heritage and development, the programme is currently available on BBC iPlayer.