Last edited 19 Feb 2018

Prime cost sum

A prime cost sum (PC or PC sum) is an allowance, usually calculated by the cost consultant, for the supply of work or materials to be provided by a contractor or supplier that will be nominated by the client (that is, a supplier that is selected by the client to carry out an element of the works and imposed on the main contractor after the main contractor has been appointed).

The allowance is exclusive of any profit mark up or attendance (such as material handling, scaffolding and rubbish clearance, etc.) by the main contractor.

Payments are made based on the quotations/invoices of the supplied items by the contractor plus addition of reasonable/agreed percentages for overhead costs and profits. If the contractor's actual cost is higher than the bill of quantities allowance, then the contract sum will be increased to balance it up and if the cost to the contractor is lower, then the contract sum will be reduced by the balance.

The contractor should make reasonable provisions within their price for prime cost sums, however, these can prove inadequate, and so prime cost sums can be a source of increased costs and disputes.

Prime cost sums have become less common in recent years as the nomination process has fallen out of favour with clients.

Historically, nominated subcontractors or suppliers were selected prior to the appointment of a main contractor for one of three reasons:

It should be noted that courts have generally taken the view that risk in relation to the performance of a nominated sub-contractor lies with the client and not the contractor. This means that delay to the overall programme caused by a nominated sub-contractor can lead to a claim for extension of time under the main contract and entitlement to consequential losses.

Prime cost sums should not be confused with provisional sums which are allowances for specific elements of the works not yet defined in enough detail for contractors to price.

For more information, see The difference between a prime cost sum and a provisional sum.

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im looking for 3 types of prime cost sum can anyone help me out?

  1. An Item that has not been selected at the point of tendering.
  2. An item that has been selected, but it has not been possible to get a price.
  3. Work undertaken by a nominated subcontractor.