- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
- Specialist wikis
Last edited 01 Sep 2020
Gross external area GEA
It is very important to be clear about which measure is being used, for example in property sales, planning applications, building regulations applications, lease negotiations, rating valuations and so on.
The UK government’s Valuation Office Agency (VOA) Code of measuring practice: definitions for rating purposes suggests that ‘gross external area’ refers to the whole area of a building taking each floor into account, including perimeter walls. This includes:
- Perimeter wall thickness and external projections.
- Areas occupied by internal walls (whether structural or not) and partitions.
- Columns, piers, chimney breasts, stairwells, lift wells, and so on.
- Lift rooms, plant rooms, tank rooms, fuel stores, whether or not above roof level.
- Open-sided covered areas (should be stated separately).
Gross external area excludes:
- Open balconies.
- Open fire escapes.
- Open sided covered ways.
- Open vehicle parking areas, terraces and so on.
- Minor canopies
- Any area with a headroom of less than 1.5 m (except under stairways).
- Any area under the control of service or other external authorities
According to NRM1: Order of cost estimating and cost planning for capital building work, the gross external area is '...the area of a building measured externally (i.e. to the external face of the perimeter walls) at each floor level.The rules of measurement of gross external floor area are defined in the latest edition of the RICS Code of Measuring Practice.'
The VOA Code of measuring practice is in general agreement with RICS Guidance Note, A guide for Property Professionals, 6th Edition Code of measuring practice 2007, other than, areas with a headroom of less than 1.5m which are excluded from the VOA measurement.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
Final report proposes improvements for UK-wide transport infrastructure.
The decarbonisation transition has begun.
Can smart homes take care of their occupants?
A showcase of She ethnic culture.
CIOB creates charter and publishes special report.
Response submitted by IHBC.
Designed to accommodate flooding or waterway traffic.
ECA states concerns over the Government's disparate plans.
Net zero carbon future - necessity, not choice - was the event's focus.