Last edited 30 Sep 2020

Bill of quantities breakdown structures BQBS


[edit] Introduction

A bill of quantities (sometimes referred to as a 'BoQ' or 'BQ') is a document, typically prepared by a cost consultant (often a quantity surveyor) that provides measured quantities of the items of work identified by the drawings and specifications in the tender documentation for a project. It is issued to tenderers for them to prepare a price for carrying out the works.

According to NRM2, RICS new rules of measurement, Detailed measurement for building work, there are three main breakdown structures for bill of quantities (BQBS), each with advantages and disadvantages. If preparation of the bill of quantities is digitised according to a standard codification, it may be possible to re-order it from one structure to another.

[edit] Elemental

Measurement and description is undertaken by group elements, with each group element forming a separate section of the bill of quantities, irrespective of the order of work sections in NRM 2. Group elements are sub-divided through the use of elements, which are further sub-divided by sub-elements, as defined by NRM 1: Order of cost estimating and cost planning for capital building works.

This structure can make it easier for the cost consultant to analyse contractors' tender prices and collect real-time cost data.

For more information see: Elemental bill of quantities.

[edit] Work section

Measurement and description is divided into the work sections listed in NRM 2.

This structure may be preferred by contractors, as similar products and components are grouped together, rather than being spread across a number of different elements as they are in an elemental breakdown. This can make pricing easier for contractors.

For more information see: Work section bill of quantities.

[edit] Work package

Measurement and description is divided into employer, quantity surveyor or contractor defined work packages (based either on a specific-trade, or a single package comprising a number of different trades). This structure may be preferred by contractors for procuring from their supply chain.

For more information see: Work package bill of quantities.

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