BREEAM Indoor air quality Ventilation
 Aim and benefits
Many studies demonstrate that poor ventilation is one main cause to health issues. The effects of poor indoor air quality can include headaches, dizziness and fatigue, while also contributing to more long-term health issues such as asthma, heart disease and cancer.
 When to consider
This is not applicable to Shell only projects
This should be considered during the early design of the ventilation systems for the building. The majority of buildings will use air conditioned or mixed mode ventilation systems. The location of the air handling unit’s intake and exhausts need to be considered.
The buildings intake sand exhausts can be designed in accordance with BS EN13779:2007 Annex A2.
For Naturally Ventilated buildings
 Step by step guidance
 Questions to ask while seeking compliance
- Check the filtration class as the first task, as in many cases it does not comply - then you do not waste time with checking rest of this issue (not applicable for Shell and core).
- Is the building naturally ventilated or mechanically ventilated?
- What is the proposed plant location? If it is on the roof how far away are the ventilation intakes are from sources of pollution from other building, frequently used roads or car parks?
- Can the intakes or exhaust be extended?
- Is the building occupancy fixed or variable? ( this may be a by product of the natural of the building i.e office will always be design to so many people per square metre where as retail space can be subject to large variable changes in occupancy)
EN:13779: 2007 Annex A2 - For mechanically ventilated buildings
EN:13779: 2007 Annex A3 - For naturally ventilated buildings
 Tips and best practice
In some cases it is easier to draw a 10m radius on the roof drawing, with supply in the middle - showing there is not extract in the circle. Please note this is 3D space so if the building is high off the ground away from a source of pollution it will still comply.
 Typical evidence
Design stage evidence
- IAQ plan.
- For mechanically ventilated buildings - Layout of the roof showing position of all air intakes and extracts and their position to each other. Not only from HVAC units itself, but also between them and to any other building extracts - eg. sewage system, toilet extract, local extract, etc.
- For naturally ventilated buildings - Layout and elevations showing distances to external pollution sources.
- For mixed mode buildings - both evidence as above.
- Technical report from mechanical engineer confirming standards used as per S&W List.
- Technical sheets from HVAC units / technical report listing type and class of the filters used.
- If applicable, drawing showing position of CO2 sensors and technical report describing their functionality.This is applicable for areas of large and unpredictable or variable occupancy patterns..
- Letter / extract from the law confirming that smoking is prohibited in the building OR drawing with non-smoking signs and policy to be implemented. In case that dedicated smoking room is present, technical report describing its ventilation system.
- IAQ plan, including photos from its implementing during construction.
- As-built drawings.
- Photos of windows / supply / extract / sources of pollution - confirming that the drawing is reflecting the reality.
- HVAC and ventilation commissioning report confirming fresh air rates according to S&W List.
 Applicable Schemes
The guidelines collated in this ISD aim to support sustainable best practice in the topic described. This issue may apply in multiple BREEAM schemes covering different stages in the life of a building, different building types and different year versions. Some content may be generic but scheme nuances should also be taken into account. Refer to the comments below and related articles to this one to understand these nuances. See this document for further guidelines.
This article was created originally in a BREEAM Workshop by Tom Abbott, Sandra Turcaniova, Lenka Matejickova, Azita Dezfouli and Joe Hodgkinson
--Multiple Author Article 21:56, 21 Apr 2018 (BST)
Issue support documents
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Issue support documents are written for named BREEAM Issues or sub-issues. More info. (ac) = awaiting content
- BREEAM Sustainability champion
- BREEAM Environmental management
- BREEAM Considerate construction
- BREEAM Monitoring of construction site impacts
- BREEAM Aftercare support
- BREEAM Seasonal commissioning
- BREEAM Life cycle cost and service life planning
- BREEAM Stakeholder consultation (ac)
- BREEAM Commissioning (ac)
- BREEAM Handover (ac)
- BREEAM Inclusive and accessible design (ac)
- BREEAM Post occupancy evaluation (ac)
 Health and Wellbeing
- BREEAM Visual comfort Daylighting (partly ac)
- BREEAM Visual comfort View out
- BREEAM Visual comfort Glare control
- BREEAM Indoor air quality plan
- BREEAM Indoor air quality Ventilation
- BREEAM Thermal comfort
- BREEAM Internal and external lighting (ac)
- BREEAM Indoor pollutants VOCs (ac)
- BREEAM Potential for natural ventilation (ac)
- BREEAM Safe containment in laboratories (ac)
- BREEAM Acoustic performance (ac)
- BREEAM Safety and security (ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of energy use and carbon emissions
- BREEAM Energy monitoring
- BREEAM External lighting (ac)
- BREEAM Low carbon design
- BREEAM Passive design
- BREEAM Free cooling
- BREEAM LZC technologies
- BREEAM Energy efficient cold storage (partly ac)
- BREEAM Energy efficient transportation systems (ac)
- BREEAM Energy efficient laboratory systems
- BREEAM Energy efficient equipment (partly ac)
- BREEAM Drying space
- BREEAM Public transport accessibility
- BREEAM Proximity to amenities (ac)
- BREEAM Cyclist facilities
- BREEAM Alternative modes of transport (ac)
- BREEAM Maximum car parking capacity
- BREEAM Travel plan
- BREEAM Home office (ac)
- BREEAM Water consumption
- BREEAM Water efficient equipment
- BREEAM Water monitoring (ac)
- BREEAM Water leak detection (ac)
- BREEAM Hard landscaping and boundary protection
- BREEAM Responsible sourcing of materials
- BREEAM Insulation
- BREEAM Designing for durability and resilience
- BREEAM Life cycle impacts (ac)
- BREEAM Material efficiency (ac)
- BREEAM Construction waste management
- BREEAM Recycled aggregates
- BREEAM Speculative floor & ceiling finishes
- BREEAM Adaptation to climate change
- BREEAM Operational waste (ac)
- BREEAM Functional adaptability (ac)
 Land Use and Ecology
- BREEAM Site Selection
- BREEAM Ecological value of site
- BREEAM Protection of ecological features
- BREEAM Minimising impact on existing site ecology
- BREEAM Enhancing site ecology
- BREEAM Long term impact on biodiversity (ac)
- BREEAM Impact of refrigerants
- BREEAM NOx emissions
- BREEAM Flood risk management (ac)
- BREEAM Surface water run-off (ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of night time light pollution (partly ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of noise pollution
Once an ISD has been initially created the '(ac)' marker can be removed
This particular index is based around the structure of the New Construction and RFO schemes.