BREEAM Indoor air quality plan
 Aim and benefits
Poor indoor air quality is linked to health deterioration and therefore this issue seeks to minimise sources of pollution and optimise indoor air quality. There are many pollutants present inside our buildings and the materials we use to construct them. Of particular concern are volatile organic compounds (VOC) emissions and formaldehyde as these are known to cause cancer in animals. Indoor Air Quality Plans (IAQP) should therefore be produced to manage the contaminants within new buildings and will contain advice on the levels of contaminants that are acceptable, measures for specifying materials with low emission levels, detail procedures for flushing out buildings and advise on pre-completion testing to ensure acceptable levels have been met.
The IAQP should cover:
• Removal of contaminant sources;
• Dilution and control of contaminants during construction;
• Detail procedure for pre-occupancy flush out;
• Specification for third party independent testing.
By specifying materials in accordance with the plan and flushing out the pollutants from the construction process sufficiently prior to building occupation, we can provide healthier work and living spaces reducing the potential for indoor air pollution and supporting the physical health of building occupants.
 When to consider
Fully fitted buildings As early as possible. The objectives of the Plan are meant to be used in the Ventilation strategy. So it’s best to do prior to RIBA stage 2 to feed into HVAC design and complete prior to Detailed Design Stage (RIBA Stage 3 freeze) so that architects can implement into their specifications.
Shell and Core and Simple Buildings Projects – N/A
 Step by step guidance
- ensure a specialist is being appointed to produce the plan. A sustainability consultant/mechanical engineer/architect may have knowledge to produce the report, otherwise external consultants can be sourced.
- Ensure the specialist is aware of the BREEAM criteria and all the 5 headings in the guidance are considered as a minimum.
- Ensure the client is aware of the third party testing and allows for appointments if they are willing to proceed with the recommendations and wish to target the additional credit for Post Construction Emission Levels.
Design Stage -
A copy of Indoor Air Quality Plan to be submitted as an evidence document
 Questions to ask while seeking compliance
Who is writing the indoor air quality plan?
- It is frequently missed from anyone's’ scope of works. While the Sustainability consultant or M&E engineer may be fully capable of writing this, their appointment may not allow for it. For scale, I wouldn’t expect this to be more than 1 days work for a consultant. There are indoor air quality testing companies who can also provide the reports.
Guidance Note regarding Indoor Air Quality Plan [Please note: This is available to licensed assessors only]
 Tips and best practice
- Make sure it is someone’s responsibility to actually write this report.
- This is a relatively low cost credit if you are struggling to find credits to boost you up to the next rating which aren’t already in the design.
- Ensure that main contractor implements a policy of requesting the relevant certification for products (paints, varnishes finishes) during procurement.
- If you wanted to go above and beyond BREEAM requirements, you could suggest making it mandatory for contractors to hand a copy of this guide (or an amended guide relating to maintaining air quality in use) to the occupants.
 Typical evidence
Compliant Indoor Air Quality Plan - Typically you will receive a written report as an “Indoor Air Quality Plan”, however any form of evidence which complies with the BREEAM evidence principals would be acceptable for this purpose.
 Applicable Schemes
The guidelines collated in this ISD aim to support sustainable best practice in the topic described. This issue may apply in multiple BREEAM schemes covering different stages in the life of a building, different building types and different year versions. Some content may be generic but scheme nuances should also be taken into account. Refer to the comments below and related articles to this one to understand these nuances. See this document for further guidelines.
This document was originally created on 10/01/18 in a collaboration of the following BREEAM Professionals: Jane Morning, Cat Clarkson, Azita Dezfouli, Rebecca Day, Joe Hodgkinson and Tom Abbott
--Multiple Author Article 21:55, 21 Apr 2018 (BST)
Issue support documents
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Issue support documents are written for named BREEAM Issues or sub-issues. More info. (ac) = awaiting content
- BREEAM Sustainability champion
- BREEAM Environmental management
- BREEAM Considerate construction
- BREEAM Monitoring of construction site impacts
- BREEAM Aftercare support
- BREEAM Seasonal commissioning
- BREEAM Life cycle cost and service life planning
- BREEAM Stakeholder consultation (ac)
- BREEAM Commissioning (ac)
- BREEAM Handover (ac)
- BREEAM Inclusive and accessible design (ac)
- BREEAM Post occupancy evaluation (ac)
 Health and Wellbeing
- BREEAM Visual comfort Daylighting (partly ac)
- BREEAM Visual comfort View out
- BREEAM Visual comfort Glare control
- BREEAM Indoor air quality plan
- BREEAM Indoor air quality Ventilation
- BREEAM Thermal comfort
- BREEAM Internal and external lighting (ac)
- BREEAM Indoor pollutants VOCs (ac)
- BREEAM Potential for natural ventilation (ac)
- BREEAM Safe containment in laboratories (ac)
- BREEAM Acoustic performance (ac)
- BREEAM Safety and security (ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of energy use and carbon emissions
- BREEAM Energy monitoring
- BREEAM External lighting (ac)
- BREEAM Low carbon design
- BREEAM Passive design
- BREEAM Free cooling
- BREEAM LZC technologies
- BREEAM Energy efficient cold storage (partly ac)
- BREEAM Energy efficient transportation systems (ac)
- BREEAM Energy efficient laboratory systems
- BREEAM Energy efficient equipment (partly ac)
- BREEAM Drying space
- BREEAM Public transport accessibility
- BREEAM Proximity to amenities (ac)
- BREEAM Cyclist facilities
- BREEAM Alternative modes of transport (ac)
- BREEAM Maximum car parking capacity
- BREEAM Travel plan
- BREEAM Home office (ac)
- BREEAM Water consumption
- BREEAM Water efficient equipment
- BREEAM Water monitoring (ac)
- BREEAM Water leak detection (ac)
- BREEAM Hard landscaping and boundary protection
- BREEAM Responsible sourcing of materials
- BREEAM Insulation
- BREEAM Designing for durability and resilience
- BREEAM Life cycle impacts (ac)
- BREEAM Material efficiency (ac)
- BREEAM Construction waste management
- BREEAM Recycled aggregates
- BREEAM Speculative floor & ceiling finishes
- BREEAM Adaptation to climate change
- BREEAM Operational waste (ac)
- BREEAM Functional adaptability (ac)
 Land Use and Ecology
- BREEAM Site Selection
- BREEAM Ecological value of site
- BREEAM Protection of ecological features
- BREEAM Minimising impact on existing site ecology
- BREEAM Enhancing site ecology
- BREEAM Long term impact on biodiversity (ac)
- BREEAM Impact of refrigerants
- BREEAM NOx emissions
- BREEAM Flood risk management (ac)
- BREEAM Surface water run-off (ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of night time light pollution (partly ac)
- BREEAM Reduction of noise pollution
Once an ISD has been initially created the '(ac)' marker can be removed
This particular index is based around the structure of the New Construction and RFO schemes.