- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 11 Jul 2017
Wood and affordable housing
There has been renewed interest in 'prefabs' recently, with reports calling for enhanced use of offsite construction to speed up the delivery of housing. Some of the advantages of timber offsite construction include; proven performance, reduced costs both on associations’ and residents’ sides, and faster asset value. With financial and political support for accelerated construction, this is a route worth investigating by development teams, asset and finance managers.
 Proven performance and new possibilities
- Offsite construction is quick to build without compromising quality. Timber construction accounts for more than 25% of all dwellings in the UK.
- Timber is a natural, renewable, and sustainable building material. Engineered timber also embodies all these environmental benefits. The use of cross-laminated timber (CLT) as a structural system is one of the fastest-growing construction methods in many parts of Europe and Asia.
- Advances in timber technology have resulted in its use for multi-storey buildings such as Bridport House, a social housing scheme in Hackney, assembled in just 10 weeks.
- While broadly cost comparative to traditional building methods, the build times for timber construction can be 30% faster. This reduces time onsite and disruption to the local area, speeds up practical completion and handover, and enables an earlier rental income stream.
- Research into offsite construction shows that costs can be more carefully controlled, waste is reduced by up to 90% and fewer defects help reduce snagging costs by up to 80%.
- Offsite construction is also safer, reducing the risk of onsite worker injury by up to 80%.
 Reducing fuel poverty
- Timber offsite construction is one of the most energy efficient methods of building homes, using a material with negative carbon emissions and low embodied carbon.
- Timber offsite construction enables significant thermal efficiency, with operational energy costs kept to a minimum. Offsite designers can also better incorporate renewable energy solutions such as ground-source heat pumps and heat recovery ventilation from the start, which can lead to reductions in fuel bills.
 Financial and political support for accelerated construction
- Mortgage funding and new build warranties are readily provided to timber offsite construction housing developments. BOPAS (Build Offsite Property Assurance Scheme) provides assurance to the lending community on homes constructed using innovative methods, delivered with a determined durability of at least 60 years.
- The Government is committed to supporting accelerated construction: "Offsite construction provides a huge opportunity to increase housing supply and we want to see more innovation like this across the housebuilding sector,” says Gavin Barwell, housing minister.
 Housing associations which have chosen offsite solutions
Accord Group housing association in the West Midlands is already well-practiced at offsite construction. It has produced timber-framed factory built homes since 2011 through its Local Homes division. It currently produces around 200 homes a year with plans to expand significantly. The housing association recently hired a manufacturing expert from Jaguar Land Rover to run the plant, confirming that the blend of timber engineering and manufacturing skill can support the housing expertise in local communities.
Liverpool Mutual Homes is building 33 two and three-bedroom homes at Naylorsfield Drive in Liverpool, using timber prefabricated modules manufactured offsite. The modules, manufactured by Bowsall are transported to site and then craned into place. Designed by JDA Architects, the homes provide higher than usual energy efficiency.
Swan Housing, a housing association in Essex, has chosen to use CLT systems and offsite construction, building homes which are indistinguishable from ones built using more traditional methods. Swan is investing £3m in building an 18,000 sq ft factory in Basildon to provide new homes for the £200m Craylands estate regeneration programme. Their housing modules will be pre-fitted with doors and windows. John Synnuck, Swan's chief executive, says: "At Swan we understand the desperate need for quality new homes. We believe that offsite construction methods will enable us to deliver these much-needed homes quickly, designed to a high specification and with reduced impact on both residents and the environment."
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Affordable housing.
- Sustainably procuring tropical hardwood.
- Wood and hybrid structures.
- Wood, health and wellbeing.
 External references
Sources: Structural Timber Association, Karakusevic-Carson Architects, Construction Industry Council, Swan Housing, Liverpool Mutual Homes, Accord Housing, Inside Housing, Building Society Association
Featured articles and news
Read our introductory article to the completion date in construction contracts.
The quality of Cambridge owes as much to its open spaces as to its architectural uniqueness.
BSRIA's new Building MOTs Scheme is designed to provide guidance on the next steps after compliance.
Here is our outline work plan for a private sector design and build project.