- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 27 Dec 2019
Types of room in buildings
According to Approved Document B, a room is ‘an enclosed space within a building that is not used solely as a circulation space.’ This differentiates a room from spaces such as hallways, corridors, stairs, landings, and so on.
- Kitchen: Intended for the preparation (and perhaps also consumption) of food. (Some houses may include a pantry which is used for storing food.)
- Bedroom: Intended for sleeping, storing clothes, etc.
- Bathroom: Contains a bath and/or shower, and can include sanitary accommodation.
- Dining room: For communal eating and socialising.
- Living room/lounge: A social room for relaxation.
- Study: For work and administrative tasks.
- Laundry room: For washing and ironing laundry (can also be referred to as a utility room). Dwellings in Scotland may have a drying room.
- Toilet: Separate room containing a toilet and usually a sink.
- Shower room: Separate room containing a shower and sometimes a sink.
- Box room: A small room that may serve as a child’s bedroom, play room or storage room.
- Ballroom: A large room for socialising and entertaining (often dual purpose with a large dining room).
- Drawing room: A smaller room for socialising, holding meetings, and so on.
- Library: For storing books and other documents.
- Theatre/cinema room: For entertainment.
- Billiard/games room: For playing games such as snooker, pool, and so on.
- Nursery: A bedroom intended for babies or young children.
Bedrooms are often described as being a ‘single room’ or ‘double room’. A single room contains enough space for a single bed and is intended for one occupant, whereas a double room contains enough space for a double bed and could be used by two occupants.
Other types of room are determined by the type of building and the particular function that is required. For example, an office building may include; receptions, offices, meeting rooms, storage rooms, conference rooms, restaurants, cafeterias, coffee rooms, toilets, common rooms, plant rooms, cleaners rooms, ICT rooms, gyms, and so on.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
The initiative to enhance the environment continues.
Could underused community spaces offer an alternative to working from home?
Keeping workers and workplaces safe in the United States.
A history lesson in geographic information systems.
A low tech, easy to use method of extinguishing small fires.
How can these valued spaces be reused?
Partnership avoids the need for listed building consent.
Connecting building design from inception to completion to operations.
Gregor Harvie predicts interoperability will be construction’s Uber moment.
Expert commentary and insight.
Guidance offered for stained glass window maintenance.
Define need before determining viability.