Thermal indices for the built environment
g-value (sometimes referred to as window solar factor, solar factor or total energy transmittance (TET)). The fraction of incident solar radiation transmitted by a window, expressed as a number between 1 and 0, where 1 indicates the maximum possible solar heat gain, and zero, no solar heat gain. NB The difference between g-values and solar heat gain coefficients is that they use a different value for air mass.
Psychometric charts. Graphs that can be used to assess the physical and thermodynamic properties of gas-vapour mixtures at a constant pressure.
R-value. A measure of the thermal resistance of a material of a specific thickness.
Shading coefficient. The amount of solar heat that passes through a transparent or translucent material compared to the amount of solar heat that passes through a sheet of clear float glass with a total solar heat gain coefficient of 0.87 (ie a sheet of clear float glass 3mm thick which has a shading coefficient of 1).
Solar heat gain coefficient. The fraction of incident solar radiation transmitted by a window, expressed as a number between 1 and 0, where 1 indicates the maximum possible solar heat gain, and zero, no solar heat gain. NB The difference between g-values and solar heat gain coefficients is that they use a different value for air mass.
Thermal comfort. ‘…that condition of mind which expresses satisfaction with the thermal environment’.
Thermal optical properties. Characteristic radiant behaviour within the thermal spectrum.
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