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Last edited 02 Jan 2021
Very broadly, the mechanisms of heat transfer can be described as:
Aspects of the thermal environment that can affect heat transfer by these mechanisms include:
- Air temperature.
- Radiant temperature (long wave infrared radiation (surface temperatures) and short wave infrared radiation (solar radiation)).
- Air velocity.
- The presence of surface water.
- The temperature of contacting objects.
The experience people have of the thermal environment that surrounds them will also be affected by personal factors such as:
Within the built environment, the thermal environment can be influenced by:
- Passive building design (such as shading, windows, insulation, thermal mass, natural ventilation and so on).
- Active building systems (such as heating, cooling and air conditioning).
- Personal behaviour (such as removing clothing, reducing activity and so on).
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Building services.
- Built environment.
- External environment.
- Heat transfer.
- Indoor environmental quality.
- Internal environment.
- Maximum and minimum workplace temperatures.
- Natural environment.
- Passive building design.
- Thermal comfort.
- Thermal indices for the built environment.
- Thermal pleasure in the built environment.
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