- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 25 Jul 2019
Maximum and minimum workplace temperatures
The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 Approved Code of Practice suggests a minimum temperature of 16°C, or 13°C if work involves severe physical effort. However, these are only guidelines, and the there is no recommended maximum temperature at all.
This is because the personal experience of temperature is a very complex one that cannot sensibly be reduced to a single figure. Instead it depends on the interaction of a number of factors such as:
- Air temperature.
- Air velocity.
- Radiant temperature.
- Relative humidity.
- Metabolic heat.
- Wellbeing and health.
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) have previously defined thermal comfort in the workplace, as '…roughly between 13°C and 30°C, with acceptable temperatures for more strenuous work activities concentrated towards the bottom end of the range, and more sedentary activities towards the higher end.'
In 2006, The Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) defined overheating as conditions when the comfortable internal temperature threshold of 28°C is surpassed for more than 1% of occupied (working) hours or where 25°C is surpassed for 5% of occupied (working) hours. Ref https://www.cibse.org/getattachment/Networks/Regions/South-Wales/South-Wales-Past-Presentations/TM52-The-limits-of-thermal-comfort-Cardiff.pdf.aspx
CIBSE have also defined 35°C as the internal temperature above which there is a significant danger of heat stress. However, they suggest that temperatures of more than 28°C for long periods will result in increased dissatisfaction and reduced productivity. Ref https://www.cibse.org/knowledge/knowledge-items/detail?id=a0q20000006obXh
In July 2019, the Labour party proposed the same maximum workplace temperature of 30ºC, or 27ºC for those doing strenuous work. They tasked a proposed Royal Commission on Health and Safety at Work with bringing forward proposals along these lines.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- BREEAM Thermal comfort.
- Cold stress.
- Construction work in hot weather.
- Healthy excursions outside the thermal comfort zone.
- Heat stress.
- Home Quality Mark high temperature reporting tool.
- Operative temperature.
- Preventing overheating.
- Thermal comfort.
- Thermal comfort and wellbeing.
- Thermal pleasure in the built environment.
- Thermal indices.
Featured articles and news
New low and high tech tools enter the marketplace.
Report looks at mental health in the built environment.
Radiant wall heating method to control rising damp.
What future infrastructure provision might look like.
Highlighting the health benefits of home improvement.
Pavilions for music, entertainment, and leisure. Book review.
Broadening our understanding of Dublin’s chequered social history.
The charm of London's Cabmen's shelters.
Future Weather Files research tool looking for feedback.
Exploring the Colour Rendering Index.
Why it's important to find out what went wrong.
ECA reviews the shape of the construction job market.
Why proper room acoustics make a difference.
Initiative puts gas networks on the path to net zero.
WICE Woman Architectural Technologist of the Year 2019.
Traditional low-energy approaches to comfort.
Revisiting the McArthurGlen Designer Outlet in Ashford.