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Last edited 25 May 2017
Resource leveling (or resource levelling) is a project management technique in which the demand for limited resources is accommodated by adjusting the project programme. In construction, resource leveling can be used to analyse the large variations in resource usage that can occur over time, and which can be inefficient and costly.
Speed of delivery may suggest that certain activities should be performed simultaneously. However, resources such as labour or plant may not be available in the quantities required, or may be occupied by a different activity. Practically therefore, activities may need to be scheduled sequentially, even though this may be slower.
Resource leveling can be used to determine when the project will be completed given the availability of resources.
In some situations, project scheduling may involve a combination of resource leveling and resource smoothing. Resource smoothing is an assessment technique used where the priority is the constraint on time rather than resources. It can be used to determine how best to complete the work by the required deadline, whilst minimising inefficiencies in resource demand.
Project management software can be used for resource leveling, which automatically calculates resource availability and potential delays and updates tasks accordingly. More complex software can be used to level resources company-wide, with the allocation of resources across multiple concurrent projects.
Common techniques that are used by project managers to assist with resource leveling, include:
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Acceleration of construction works.
- Critical path method CPM.
- Fast-track construction.
- Gantt chart.
- Line of balance (LOB).
- Pareto analysis.
- Programme float.
- Project crashing.
- Resource management in construction.
- Scheduling construction activities.
- Time-location chart.
- Time management of construction projects.
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