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Last edited 07 Jan 2021
Hydraulically treated soils in residential construction (BR 513)
On 5 April 2017, BRE published Hydraulically treated soils in residential construction (BR 513) written by John Kennedy and Julie Bregulla.
The soil treatment described in the guide refers to the process of using lime, cement, ground granulated blastfurnace slag (ggbs) and coal fly ash to render mainly wet natural or reworked natural soils suitable for use as engineered fill. Typically, the treatment alters the properties of the soil by removing free or excess water so that it can support foundations, ground floors, services and other infrastructure without excessive deformation.
BR 513 will help to inform developers, engineers and other building professionals wanting to learn more about soil treatment and its application, and suggests a regime of validation and testing to review the suitability and appropriateness of the technique.
The processes described use the traditional technique of in situ soil treatment to produce successive horizontal layers of treated soil. Other techniques that use deep column mixing or injection techniques applied vertically are not covered.
The contents of the guide include:
- Part 1: Introduction
- Purpose and objectives
- Part 2: Principles of soil treatment
- The basis of soil treatment
- Current guidance and specifications for soil treatment in highways
- Experience of hydraulically treated fill for housing
- Part 3: Design
- Soils and treating agents: suitability and compatibility
- Suggested design protocol for housing
- Suggested laboratory design process for housing
- Part 4: Realisation in the field
- Site investigation to establish soil characteristics and suitability
- Laboratory mixture design
- Construction control
- Verification of treatment
- References and bibliography
- Part 5: Appendices
- Hydraulically treated soil projects where expansion occurred
- Highways England protocol for soil treatment
- Actual use of hydraulically treated soil under house foundations
- Performance properties for hydraulically treated soils
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- BRE articles on Designing Buildings Wiki.
- Brownfield land.
- Building on fill.
- Building Research Establishment.
- Construction dust.
- Contaminated land.
- Cover systems for land regeneration - thickness of cover systems for contaminated land (BR465).
- Deleterious materials.
- Environmental engineering.
- Ground conditions.
- Ground investigation.
- Hazardous substances.
- Landfill tax.
- Methane and other gasses from the ground.
- Pre construction information.
- Site appraisal.
- Site investigation.
- Soil survey.
- Soil treatment.
- Solid and liquid contaminants risk assessments.
- Types of soil.
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