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Last edited 04 Jun 2021
Electrical safety in the private rented sector
All tenants deserve to live in homes which are safe, notably from risks such as fire or electrocution. To protect tenants, ECA, Electrical Safety First and other partners pressed the Government for a sustained period to introduce legislation. As a result of this, the Government recently introduced new regulations to improve electrical safety in the rented sector.
As of 1st June 2020, the ‘Electrical Safety in the Private Rented Sector (England) Regulations 2020’ has been in force utilising the powers set out in the Housing and Planning Act 2016. It also makes amendments to the ‘Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation (England) Regulations 2006’.
These Regulations apply in England only to all new specified tenancies from 1st July 2020, and all existing specified tenancies from 1st April 2021.
 Regulations in the devolved nations
Northern Ireland has no laws that specifically cover electrical safety in privately rented accommodation, however properties must be fit for human habitation. Northern Ireland Electricity can disconnect the electrical supply if it believes that the electricity at a property is unsafe.
This new statutory requirement places a greater emphasis on the private landlord to ensure that their electrical installations are fit for use. The Regulations make it mandatory in most cases for private landlords to have regular and valid electrical installation condition reports (EICR) undertaken in their properties at intervals of no more than five years and for this inspection to be carried out by a qualified person.
Any dangerous situations that require urgent remedial action (C1, C2 or FI) noted on the EICR should be rectified within 28 days. Failure to comply with these Regulations carries significant financial penalties.
Landlords must take their responsibilities seriously or face the consequences. Landlords will however also benefit from these regulations by knowing that their properties are electrically sound, protecting their investments.
Landlords should therefore choose those who are to carry out these electrical condition reports with care and check their qualifications.
For further general guidance, see the MHCLG website.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- 2021 PRS electrical safety standards.
- Articles about electricity.
- Articles by the Electrical Contractors' Association (ECA).
- Converting commercial offices to residential accommodation.
- Homes (Fitness for Human Habitation) Act 2018.
- Electrical safety.
- Property disrepair and landlord liabilities.
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