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Last edited 02 Sep 2020
Connectivity is the state of being connected or interconnected. This can relate to direct connectivity between physical things such as people via proximity or transport networks, or indirect connectivity via communications networks.
Connectivity is becoming increasingly important, so that our communities are in touch and we are better able to deal with emerging global challenges such as population growth, urbanisation and climate change.
When the term is used in relation to smart cities, it is associated with the technical infrastructure required for smart cities to operate efficiently. In smart cities, connectivity is dependent on density of population, availability of services, characteristics of existing buildings, networking infrastructure and other factors. As smart cities increasingly incorporate wireless networks, connectivity should become more seamless.
The term ‘ecology connectivity’ refers to; ‘…a measure of the functional availability of the habitats needed for a particular species to move through a given area. Examples include the flight lines used by bats to travel between roosts whilst foraging.' Ref The HS2 London-West Midlands Environmental Statement, published by the Department for Transport in November 2013.
Urban Design Guidelines for Victoria, published by The State of Victoria Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning in 2017 suggests that connectivity refers to: ‘The number of connecting routes within a particular area, often measured by counting the number of intersection equivalents per unit of area. An area may be measured for its 'connectivity' for different travel modes – vehicle, cyclist or pedestrian. An area with high connectivity has an open street network that provides multiple routes to and from destinations’
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