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Last edited 19 Feb 2021
What is policy?
Many policies are created by central, regional and local governments. In this case, policy differs from regulation in that it offers recommended or prescribed procedures, rather than legally stipulating or prohibiting certain actions.
In terms of the built environment, planning policy is hugely influential in relation to how land can be developed. In England, the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) decides national planning policy and this is set out in the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF).
Planning Policy Statements (PPS), are written statements published by the government to help explain the statutory provisions of planning policy. They give guidance to those involved in the operation of the planning system and explain the relationship between planning policies and other policies relating to development and land use.
- Company policy: How a company operates, manages its business, positions itself within the industry, and so on.
- Economic policy: Includes interest rates, taxation levels, monetary and fiscal policy, budgets, and so on.
- Health and safety policy: Sets out how health and safety is managed within an organisation and demonstrates a commitment to the health and safety of staff and others.
- Housing policy: National and local government plans to provide sufficient levels of quality housing for its citizens.
- HR policy: How an organisation manages its employees.
- Security policy: How an organisation manages and reviews its security.
- Sustainability policy: An organisation’s approach to sustainability – waste management, recycling, lowering emissions, sourcing, and so on.
- Training policy: How an organisation manages the education and training of its employees.
The term ‘policy’ can also refer to the form of contract that is exchanged in relation to insurance. These contracts are between the insurer and the insured, and are used to indemnify (protect) against some form of potential loss from specified perils.
Designing Buildings Wiki has a wide range of articles related to policy, see: https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/wiki/Category:Policy
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