Ethics in construction
Ethics is a branch of moral philosophy that involves the principles of guiding and recommending behaviours and conduct. Stemming from the Ancient Greek philosophers, ethics is based on the central questions of ‘what is the best way for people to live?’ and ‘what actions are right or wrong in particular circumstances?’ Trying to answer these questions involves considering issues such as good and evil, virtue and vice, and justice and crime.
In the construction industry, ethics has developed both at a professional and organisational level. Professionals such as lawyers, engineers and surveyors have ethical codes to uphold as befits their profession, as do organisations. Ethical behaviour is often measured by the degree of trustworthiness and integrity with which companies conduct business.
Some of the largest construction contractors in the world have faced multi-million fines for significant breaches of ethics and compliance on issues from bribery and collusion to modern slavery. A recent high-profile example was the case of contractors having blacklisted workers.
Ethics is a key facet of a company's corporate social responsibility (CSR) which it must endeavour to fulfill. The increasing emphasis on sustainability and environment in construction further requires companies to apply ethical standards to their activities.
Personal ethics tend to be a product of beliefs, values, personality and environment; while an organisation’s ethics must be instilled by its culture and leadership. Ethical failure in an organisation can often be the result of poor promotion of ethical practices by managers, as an individual’s ethics become subsumed among the wider non-observance of professional ethics.
In 2003, the Society for Construction Law considered the question of ethics in the construction industry. It published a report which highlighted that organisations should comply with the following ethical principles:
- Honesty: Acting honestly and avoiding conduct likely to result, directly or indirectly, in the deception of others.
- Fairness: Not seeking to obtain a benefit which arises directly or indirectly from the unfair treatment of others.
- Fair reward: Avoidance of acts likely to deprive another party of a fair reward for work.
- Reliability: Only provide services and skills within areas of competence.
- Integrity: Regard for the public interest.
- Objectivity: Identify potential conflicts of interest and disclose this to the party who would be adversely affected by it.
- Accountability: Provide appropriate information so effective action can be taken where necessary.
The intention was that these principles should be applicable to the work of all construction industry professionals. The Code identified unethical conduct as deliberate or reckless disregard for ethical principles that are recognised practice in that profession.
In December 2016, International Ethics Standards (IES) Coalition published the first set of ethics principles for professionals in land, property, construction, infrastructure and related professions. For more information see: International Ethics Standards Coalition.
NB Global Warming of 1.5 ºC, Glossary, published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 2018, suggests that: ‘Ethics involves questions of justice and value. Justice is concerned with right and wrong, equity and fairness, and, in general, with the rights to which people and living beings are entitled. Value is a matter of worth, benefit, or good.’
- Anti-bribery and Ethics - A Construction Perspective.
- Australian ethical labour sourcing standard.
- BEIS Reforming Regulation Initiative.
- Best practice.
- Building a fairer system: Tackling modern day slavery.
- Building Site to Boardroom (BS2B).
- Chinese wall.
- CMA and IRM publish 2020 competition law risk guide.
- Code of conduct.
- Corporate social responsibility in construction.
- Creating social value from civil engineering projects.
- Diversity in the construction industry.
- Ethical sourcing.
- Fair payment practices.
- International Ethics Standards Coalition.